Reference architecture: up to 2,000 users

This page describes GitLab reference architecture for up to 2,000 users. For a full list of reference architectures, see Available reference architectures.

  • Supported users (approximate): 2,000
  • High Availability: No
  • Test requests per second (RPS) rates: API: 40 RPS, Web: 4 RPS, Git: 4 RPS
Service Nodes Configuration GCP AWS Azure
Load balancer 1 2 vCPU, 1.8 GB memory n1-highcpu-2 c5.large F2s v2
PostgreSQL 1 2 vCPU, 7.5 GB memory n1-standard-2 m5.large D2s v3
Redis 1 1 vCPU, 3.75 GB memory n1-standard-1 m5.large D2s v3
Gitaly 1 4 vCPU, 15 GB memory n1-standard-4 m5.xlarge D4s v3
GitLab Rails 2 8 vCPU, 7.2 GB memory n1-highcpu-8 c5.2xlarge F8s v2
Monitoring node 1 2 vCPU, 1.8 GB memory n1-highcpu-2 c5.large F2s v2
Object storage n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a
NFS server (optional, not recommended) 1 4 vCPU, 3.6 GB memory n1-highcpu-4 c5.xlarge F4s v2

The Google Cloud Platform (GCP) architectures were built and tested using the Intel Xeon E5 v3 (Haswell) CPU platform. On different hardware you may find that adjustments, either lower or higher, are required for your CPU or node counts. For more information, see our Sysbench-based CPU benchmark.

Due to better performance and availability, for data objects (such as LFS, uploads, or artifacts), using an object storage service is recommended instead of using NFS. Using an object storage service also doesn’t require you to provision and maintain a node.

Setup components

To set up GitLab and its components to accommodate up to 2,000 users:

  1. Configure the external load balancing node to handle the load balancing of the GitLab application services nodes.
  2. Configure PostgreSQL, the database for GitLab.
  3. Configure Redis.
  4. Configure Gitaly, which provides access to the Git repositories.
  5. Configure the main GitLab Rails application to run Puma/Unicorn, Workhorse, GitLab Shell, and to serve all frontend requests (which include UI, API, and Git over HTTP/SSH).
  6. Configure Prometheus to monitor your GitLab environment.
  7. Configure the object storage used for shared data objects.
  8. Configure Advanced Search (optional) for faster, more advanced code search across your entire GitLab instance.
  9. Configure NFS (optional, and not recommended) to have shared disk storage service as an alternative to Gitaly or object storage. You can skip this step if you’re not using GitLab Pages (which requires NFS).

Configure the external load balancer

In an active/active GitLab configuration, you’ll need a load balancer to route traffic to the application servers. The specifics on which load balancer to use or its exact configuration is beyond the scope of GitLab documentation. We hope that if you’re managing multi-node systems like GitLab, you already have a load balancer of choice. Some load balancer examples include HAProxy (open-source), F5 Big-IP LTM, and Citrix Net Scaler. This documentation outline the ports and protocols needed for use with GitLab.

This architecture has been tested and validated with HAProxy as the load balancer. Although other load balancers with similar feature sets could also be used, those load balancers have not been validated.

The next question is how you will handle SSL in your environment. There are several different options:

Application node terminates SSL

Configure your load balancer to pass connections on port 443 as TCP instead of HTTP(S). This will pass the connection unaltered to the application node’s NGINX service, which has the SSL certificate and listens to port 443.

For details about managing SSL certificates and configuring NGINX, see the NGINX HTTPS documentation.

Load balancer terminates SSL without backend SSL

Configure your load balancer to use the HTTP(S) protocol instead of TCP. The load balancer will be responsible for both managing SSL certificates and terminating SSL.

Due to communication between the load balancer and GitLab not being secure, you’ll need to complete some additional configuration. For details, see the NGINX proxied SSL documentation.

Load balancer terminates SSL with backend SSL

Configure your load balancers (or single balancer, if you have only one) to use the HTTP(S) protocol rather than TCP. The load balancers will be responsible for the managing SSL certificates for end users.

Traffic will be secure between the load balancers and NGINX in this scenario, and there’s no need to add a configuration for proxied SSL. However, you’ll need to add a configuration to GitLab to configure SSL certificates. For details about managing SSL certificates and configuring NGINX, see the NGINX HTTPS documentation.

Readiness checks

Ensure the external load balancer only routes to working services with built in monitoring endpoints. The readiness checks all require additional configuration on the nodes being checked, otherwise, the external load balancer will not be able to connect.

Ports

The basic load balancer ports you should use are described in the following table:

Port Backend Port Protocol
80 80 HTTP (1)
443 443 TCP or HTTPS (1) (2)
22 22 TCP
  • (1): Web terminal support requires your load balancer to correctly handle WebSocket connections. When using HTTP or HTTPS proxying, your load balancer must be configured to pass through the Connection and Upgrade hop-by-hop headers. For details, see the web terminal integration guide.
  • (2): When using the HTTPS protocol for port 443, you’ll need to add an SSL certificate to the load balancers. If you need to terminate SSL at the GitLab application server, use the TCP protocol.

If you’re using GitLab Pages with custom domain support you will need some additional port configurations. GitLab Pages requires a separate virtual IP address. Configure DNS to point the pages_external_url from /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb to the new virtual IP address. For more information, see the GitLab Pages documentation.

Port Backend Port Protocol
80 Varies (1) HTTP
443 Varies (1) TCP (2)
  • (1): The backend port for GitLab Pages depends on the gitlab_pages['external_http'] and gitlab_pages['external_https'] settings. For details, see the GitLab Pages documentation.
  • (2): Port 443 for GitLab Pages must use the TCP protocol. Users can configure custom domains with custom SSL, which wouldn’t be possible if SSL was terminated at the load balancer.

Alternate SSH Port

Some organizations have policies against opening SSH port 22. In this case, it may be helpful to configure an alternate SSH hostname that instead allows users to use SSH over port 443. An alternate SSH hostname requires a new virtual IP address compared to the previously described GitLab HTTP configuration.

Configure DNS for an alternate SSH hostname, such as altssh.gitlab.example.com:

LB Port Backend Port Protocol
443 22 TCP
Back to setup components

Configure PostgreSQL

In this section, you’ll be guided through configuring an external PostgreSQL database to be used with GitLab.

Provide your own PostgreSQL instance

If you’re hosting GitLab on a cloud provider, you can optionally use a managed service for PostgreSQL. For example, AWS offers a managed relational database service (RDS) that runs PostgreSQL.

If you use a cloud-managed service, or provide your own PostgreSQL:

  1. Set up PostgreSQL according to the database requirements document.
  2. Create a gitlab username with a password of your choice. The gitlab user needs privileges to create the gitlabhq_production database.
  3. Configure the GitLab application servers with the appropriate details. This step is covered in Configuring the GitLab Rails application.

See Configure GitLab using an external PostgreSQL service for further configuration steps.

Standalone PostgreSQL using Omnibus GitLab

  1. SSH in to the PostgreSQL server.
  2. Download and install the Omnibus GitLab package of your choice. Be sure to follow only installation steps 1 and 2 on the page.
  3. Generate a password hash for PostgreSQL. This assumes you will use the default username of gitlab (recommended). The command will request a password and confirmation. Use the value that is output by this command in the next step as the value of POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD_HASH.

    sudo gitlab-ctl pg-password-md5 gitlab
    
  4. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and add the contents below, updating placeholder values appropriately.

    • POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD_HASH - The value output from the previous step
    • APPLICATION_SERVER_IP_BLOCKS - A space delimited list of IP subnets or IP addresses of the GitLab application servers that will connect to the database. Example: %w(123.123.123.123/32 123.123.123.234/32)
    # Disable all components except PostgreSQL
    roles ['postgres_role']
    repmgr['enable'] = false
    consul['enable'] = false
    prometheus['enable'] = false
    alertmanager['enable'] = false
    pgbouncer_exporter['enable'] = false
    redis_exporter['enable'] = false
    gitlab_exporter['enable'] = false
    
    # Set the network addresses that the exporters used for monitoring will listen on
    node_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9100'
    postgres_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9187'
    postgres_exporter['dbname'] = 'gitlabhq_production'
    postgres_exporter['password'] = 'POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD_HASH'
    
    # Set the PostgreSQL address and port
    postgresql['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0'
    postgresql['port'] = 5432
    
    # Replace POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD_HASH with a generated md5 value
    postgresql['sql_user_password'] = 'POSTGRESQL_PASSWORD_HASH'
    
    # Replace APPLICATION_SERVER_IP_BLOCK with the CIDR address of the application node
    postgresql['trust_auth_cidr_addresses'] = %w(127.0.0.1/32 APPLICATION_SERVER_IP_BLOCK)
    
    # Disable automatic database migrations
    gitlab_rails['auto_migrate'] = false
    
  5. Reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.
  6. Note the PostgreSQL node’s IP address or hostname, port, and plain text password. These will be necessary when configuring the GitLab application server later.

Advanced configuration options are supported and can be added if needed.

Back to setup components

Configure Redis

In this section, you’ll be guided through configuring an external Redis instance to be used with GitLab.

Provide your own Redis instance

Redis version 5.0 or higher is required, as this is what ships with Omnibus GitLab packages starting with GitLab 13.0. Older Redis versions do not support an optional count argument to SPOP which is now required for Merge Trains.

In addition, GitLab makes use of certain commands like UNLINK and USAGE which were introduced only in Redis 4.

Managed Redis from cloud providers such as AWS ElastiCache will work. If these services support high availability, be sure it is not the Redis Cluster type.

Note the Redis node’s IP address or hostname, port, and password (if required). These will be necessary when configuring the GitLab application servers later.

Standalone Redis using Omnibus GitLab

The Omnibus GitLab package can be used to configure a standalone Redis server. The steps below are the minimum necessary to configure a Redis server with Omnibus:

  1. SSH in to the Redis server.
  2. Download and install the Omnibus GitLab package of your choice. Be sure to follow only installation steps 1 and 2 on the page.
  3. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and add the contents:

    ## Enable Redis
    redis['enable'] = true
    
    ## Disable all other services
    sidekiq['enable'] = false
    gitlab_workhorse['enable'] = false
    puma['enable'] = false
    unicorn['enable'] = false
    postgresql['enable'] = false
    nginx['enable'] = false
    prometheus['enable'] = false
    alertmanager['enable'] = false
    pgbouncer_exporter['enable'] = false
    gitlab_exporter['enable'] = false
    gitaly['enable'] = false
    grafana['enable'] = false
    
    redis['bind'] = '0.0.0.0'
    redis['port'] = 6379
    redis['password'] = 'SECRET_PASSWORD_HERE'
    
    gitlab_rails['enable'] = false
    
    # Set the network addresses that the exporters used for monitoring will listen on
    node_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9100'
    redis_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9121'
    redis_exporter['flags'] = {
          'redis.addr' => 'redis://0.0.0.0:6379',
          'redis.password' => 'SECRET_PASSWORD_HERE',
    }
    
  4. Reconfigure Omnibus GitLab for the changes to take effect.
  5. Note the Redis node’s IP address or hostname, port, and Redis password. These will be necessary when configuring the GitLab application servers later.

Advanced configuration options are supported and can be added if needed.

Back to setup components

Configure Gitaly

Gitaly server node requirements are dependent on data, specifically the number of projects and those projects’ sizes. It’s recommended that a Gitaly server node stores no more than 5TB of data. Although this reference architecture includes a single Gitaly server node, you may require additional nodes depending on your repository storage requirements.

Due to Gitaly having notable input and output requirements, we strongly recommend that all Gitaly nodes use solid-state drives (SSDs). These SSDs should have a throughput of at least 8,000 input/output operations per second (IOPS) for read operations and 2,000 IOPS for write operations. These IOPS values are initial recommendations, and may be adjusted to greater or lesser values depending on the scale of your environment’s workload. If you’re running the environment on a Cloud provider, refer to their documentation about how to configure IOPS correctly.

Be sure to note the following items:

  • The GitLab Rails application shards repositories into repository storage paths.
  • A Gitaly server can host one or more storage paths.
  • A GitLab server can use one or more Gitaly server nodes.
  • Gitaly addresses must be specified to be correctly resolvable for all Gitaly clients.
  • Gitaly servers must not be exposed to the public internet, as Gitaly’s network traffic is unencrypted by default. The use of a firewall is highly recommended to restrict access to the Gitaly server. Another option is to use TLS.
Note: The token referred to throughout the Gitaly documentation is an arbitrary password selected by the administrator. This token is unrelated to tokens created for the GitLab API or other similar web API tokens.

The following procedure describes how to configure a single Gitaly server named gitaly1.internal with the secret token gitalysecret. We assume your GitLab installation has two repository storages: default and storage1.

To configure the Gitaly server, on the server node you want to use for Gitaly:

  1. Download and install the Omnibus GitLab package of your choice. Be sure to follow only installation steps 1 and 2 on the page, and do not provide the EXTERNAL_URL value.
  2. Edit the Gitaly server node’s /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb file to configure storage paths, enable the network listener, and to configure the token:

    # /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb
    
    # Gitaly and GitLab use two shared secrets for authentication, one to authenticate gRPC requests
    # to Gitaly, and a second for authentication callbacks from GitLab-Shell to the GitLab internal API.
    # The following two values must be the same as their respective values
    # of the GitLab Rails application setup
    gitaly['auth_token'] = 'gitalysecret'
    gitlab_shell['secret_token'] = 'shellsecret'
    
    # Avoid running unnecessary services on the Gitaly server
    postgresql['enable'] = false
    redis['enable'] = false
    nginx['enable'] = false
    puma['enable'] = false
    unicorn['enable'] = false
    sidekiq['enable'] = false
    gitlab_workhorse['enable'] = false
    grafana['enable'] = false
    
    # If you run a separate monitoring node you can disable these services
    alertmanager['enable'] = false
    prometheus['enable'] = false
    
    # Prevent database connections during 'gitlab-ctl reconfigure'
    gitlab_rails['rake_cache_clear'] = false
    gitlab_rails['auto_migrate'] = false
    
    # Configure the gitlab-shell API callback URL. Without this, `git push` will
    # fail. This can be your 'front door' GitLab URL or an internal load
    # balancer.
    # Don't forget to copy `/etc/gitlab/gitlab-secrets.json` from web server to Gitaly server.
    gitlab_rails['internal_api_url'] = 'https://gitlab.example.com'
    
    # Make Gitaly accept connections on all network interfaces. You must use
    # firewalls to restrict access to this address/port.
    # Comment out following line if you only want to support TLS connections
    gitaly['listen_addr'] = "0.0.0.0:8075"
    gitaly['prometheus_listen_addr'] = "0.0.0.0:9236"
    
    # Set the network addresses that the exporters used for monitoring will listen on
    node_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9100'
    
    git_data_dirs({
      'default' => {
        'path' => '/var/opt/gitlab/git-data'
      },
      'storage1' => {
        'path' => '/mnt/gitlab/git-data'
      },
    })
    
  3. Save the file, and then reconfigure GitLab.
  4. Confirm that Gitaly can perform callbacks to the internal API:

    sudo /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/gitaly-hooks check /var/opt/gitlab/gitaly/config.toml
    

Gitaly TLS support

Gitaly supports TLS encryption. To be able to communicate with a Gitaly instance that listens for secure connections you will need to use tls:// URL scheme in the gitaly_address of the corresponding storage entry in the GitLab configuration.

You will need to bring your own certificates as this isn’t provided automatically. The certificate, or its certificate authority, must be installed on all Gitaly nodes (including the Gitaly node using the certificate) and on all client nodes that communicate with it following the procedure described in GitLab custom certificate configuration.

Note: The self-signed certificate must specify the address you use to access the Gitaly server. If you are addressing the Gitaly server by a hostname, you can either use the Common Name field for this, or add it as a Subject Alternative Name. If you are addressing the Gitaly server by its IP address, you must add it as a Subject Alternative Name to the certificate. gRPC does not support using an IP address as Common Name in a certificate.

It’s possible to configure Gitaly servers with both an unencrypted listening address (listen_addr) and an encrypted listening address (tls_listen_addr) at the same time. This allows you to do a gradual transition from unencrypted to encrypted traffic, if necessary.

To configure Gitaly with TLS:

  1. Create the /etc/gitlab/ssl directory and copy your key and certificate there:

    sudo mkdir -p /etc/gitlab/ssl
    sudo chmod 755 /etc/gitlab/ssl
    sudo cp key.pem cert.pem /etc/gitlab/ssl/
    sudo chmod 644 key.pem cert.pem
    
  2. Copy the cert to /etc/gitlab/trusted-certs so Gitaly will trust the cert when calling into itself:

    sudo cp /etc/gitlab/ssl/cert.pem /etc/gitlab/trusted-certs/
    
  3. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and add:

    gitaly['tls_listen_addr'] = "0.0.0.0:9999"
    gitaly['certificate_path'] = "/etc/gitlab/ssl/cert.pem"
    gitaly['key_path'] = "/etc/gitlab/ssl/key.pem"
    
  4. Delete gitaly['listen_addr'] to allow only encrypted connections.
  5. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab.
Back to setup components

Configure GitLab Rails

This section describes how to configure the GitLab application (Rails) component.

In our architecture, we run each GitLab Rails node using the Puma webserver, and have its number of workers set to 90% of available CPUs, with four threads. For nodes running Rails with other components, the worker value should be reduced accordingly. We’ve determined that a worker value of 50% achieves a good balance, but this is dependent on workload.

On each node perform the following:

  1. If you’re using NFS:

    1. If necessary, install the NFS client utility packages using the following commands:

      # Ubuntu/Debian
      apt-get install nfs-common
      
      # CentOS/Red Hat
      yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib
      
    2. Specify the necessary NFS mounts in /etc/fstab. The exact contents of /etc/fstab will depend on how you chose to configure your NFS server. See the NFS documentation for examples and the various options.

    3. Create the shared directories. These may be different depending on your NFS mount locations.

      mkdir -p /var/opt/gitlab/.ssh /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/uploads /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/shared /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-ci/builds /var/opt/gitlab/git-data
      
  2. Download and install the Omnibus GitLab package of your choice. Be sure to follow only installation steps 1 and 2 on the page.
  3. Create or edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and use the following configuration. To maintain uniformity of links across nodes, the external_url on the application server should point to the external URL that users will use to access GitLab. This would be the URL of the load balancer which will route traffic to the GitLab application server:

    external_url 'https://gitlab.example.com'
    
    # Gitaly and GitLab use two shared secrets for authentication, one to authenticate gRPC requests
    # to Gitaly, and a second for authentication callbacks from GitLab-Shell to the GitLab internal API.
    # The following two values must be the same as their respective values
    # of the Gitaly setup
    gitlab_rails['gitaly_token'] = 'gitalysecret'
    gitlab_shell['secret_token'] = 'shellsecret'
    
    git_data_dirs({
      'default' => { 'gitaly_address' => 'tcp://gitaly1.internal:8075' },
      'storage1' => { 'gitaly_address' => 'tcp://gitaly1.internal:8075' },
      'storage2' => { 'gitaly_address' => 'tcp://gitaly2.internal:8075' },
    })
    
    ## Disable components that will not be on the GitLab application server
    roles ['application_role']
    gitaly['enable'] = false
    nginx['enable'] = true
    
    ## PostgreSQL connection details
    gitlab_rails['db_adapter'] = 'postgresql'
    gitlab_rails['db_encoding'] = 'unicode'
    gitlab_rails['db_host'] = '10.1.0.5' # IP/hostname of database server
    gitlab_rails['db_password'] = 'DB password'
    
    ## Redis connection details
    gitlab_rails['redis_port'] = '6379'
    gitlab_rails['redis_host'] = '10.1.0.6' # IP/hostname of Redis server
    gitlab_rails['redis_password'] = 'Redis Password'
    
    # Set the network addresses that the exporters used for monitoring will listen on
    node_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9100'
    gitlab_workhorse['prometheus_listen_addr'] = '0.0.0.0:9229'
    sidekiq['listen_address'] = "0.0.0.0"
    puma['listen'] = '0.0.0.0'
    
    # Add the monitoring node's IP address to the monitoring whitelist and allow it to
    # scrape the NGINX metrics. Replace placeholder `monitoring.gitlab.example.com` with
    # the address and/or subnets gathered from the monitoring node
    gitlab_rails['monitoring_whitelist'] = ['<MONITOR NODE IP>/32', '127.0.0.0/8']
    nginx['status']['options']['allow'] = ['<MONITOR NODE IP>/32', '127.0.0.0/8']
    
    ## Uncomment and edit the following options if you have set up NFS
    ##
    ## Prevent GitLab from starting if NFS data mounts are not available
    ##
    #high_availability['mountpoint'] = '/var/opt/gitlab/git-data'
    ##
    ## Ensure UIDs and GIDs match between servers for permissions via NFS
    ##
    #user['uid'] = 9000
    #user['gid'] = 9000
    #web_server['uid'] = 9001
    #web_server['gid'] = 9001
    #registry['uid'] = 9002
    #registry['gid'] = 9002
    
  4. If you’re using Gitaly with TLS support, make sure the git_data_dirs entry is configured with tls instead of tcp:

    git_data_dirs({
      'default' => { 'gitaly_address' => 'tls://gitaly1.internal:9999' },
      'storage1' => { 'gitaly_address' => 'tls://gitaly1.internal:9999' },
      'storage2' => { 'gitaly_address' => 'tls://gitaly2.internal:9999' },
    })
    
    1. Copy the cert into /etc/gitlab/trusted-certs:

      sudo cp cert.pem /etc/gitlab/trusted-certs/
      
  5. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab.
  6. Run sudo gitlab-rake gitlab:gitaly:check to confirm the node can connect to Gitaly.
  7. Tail the logs to see the requests:

    sudo gitlab-ctl tail gitaly
    
  8. Save the /etc/gitlab/gitlab-secrets.json file from one of the two application nodes and install it on the other application node and the Gitaly node and reconfigure GitLab.

When you specify https in the external_url, as in the previous example, GitLab expects that the SSL certificates are in /etc/gitlab/ssl/. If the certificates aren’t present, NGINX will fail to start. For more information, see the NGINX documentation.

GitLab Rails post-configuration

  1. Designate one application node for running database migrations during installation and updates. Initialize the GitLab database and ensure all migrations ran:

    sudo gitlab-rake gitlab:db:configure
    

    If you encounter a rake aborted! error message stating that PgBouncer is failing to connect to PostgreSQL, it may be that your PgBouncer node’s IP address is missing from PostgreSQL’s trust_auth_cidr_addresses in gitlab.rb on your database nodes. Before proceeding, see PgBouncer error ERROR: pgbouncer cannot connect to server.

  2. Configure fast lookup of authorized SSH keys in the database.

Back to setup components

Configure Prometheus

The Omnibus GitLab package can be used to configure a standalone Monitoring node running Prometheus and Grafana:

  1. SSH in to the Monitoring node.
  2. Download and install the Omnibus GitLab package of your choice. Be sure to follow only installation steps 1 and 2 on the page.
  3. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and add the contents:

    external_url 'http://gitlab.example.com'
    
    # Enable Prometheus
    prometheus['enable'] = true
    prometheus['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9090'
    prometheus['monitor_kubernetes'] = false
    
    # Enable Login form
    grafana['disable_login_form'] = false
    
    # Enable Grafana
    grafana['enable'] = true
    grafana['admin_password'] = 'toomanysecrets'
    
    # Disable all other services
    gitlab_rails['auto_migrate'] = false
    alertmanager['enable'] = false
    gitaly['enable'] = false
    gitlab_exporter['enable'] = false
    gitlab_workhorse['enable'] = false
    nginx['enable'] = true
    postgres_exporter['enable'] = false
    postgresql['enable'] = false
    redis['enable'] = false
    redis_exporter['enable'] = false
    sidekiq['enable'] = false
    puma['enable'] = false
    unicorn['enable'] = false
    node_exporter['enable'] = false
    gitlab_exporter['enable'] = false
    
  4. Prometheus also needs some scrape configs to pull all the data from the various nodes where we configured exporters. Assuming that your nodes’ IPs are:

    1.1.1.1: postgres
    1.1.1.2: redis
    1.1.1.3: gitaly1
    1.1.1.4: rails1
    1.1.1.5: rails2
    

    Add the following to /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    prometheus['scrape_configs'] = [
      {
         'job_name': 'postgres',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.1:9187'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'redis',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.2:9121'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'gitaly',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.3:9236'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'gitlab-nginx',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.4:8060', '1.1.1.5:8060'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'gitlab-workhorse',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.4:9229', '1.1.1.5:9229'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'gitlab-rails',
         'metrics_path': '/-/metrics',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.4:8080', '1.1.1.5:8080'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'gitlab-sidekiq',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.4:8082', '1.1.1.5:8082'],
         ],
      },
      {
         'job_name': 'node',
         'static_configs' => [
         'targets' => ['1.1.1.1:9100', '1.1.1.2:9100', '1.1.1.3:9100', '1.1.1.4:9100', '1.1.1.5:9100'],
         ],
      },
    ]
    
  5. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab.
  6. In the GitLab UI, set admin/application_settings/metrics_and_profiling > Metrics - Grafana to /-/grafana to http[s]://<MONITOR NODE>/-/grafana
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Configure the object storage

GitLab supports using an object storage service for holding several types of data, and is recommended over NFS. In general, object storage services are better for larger environments, as object storage is typically much more performant, reliable, and scalable.

GitLab has been tested on a number of object storage providers:

There are two ways of specifying object storage configuration in GitLab:

Starting with GitLab 13.2, consolidated object storage configuration is available. It simplifies your GitLab configuration since the connection details are shared across object types. Refer to Consolidated object storage configuration guide for instructions on how to set it up.

For configuring object storage in GitLab 13.1 and earlier, or for storage types not supported by consolidated configuration form, refer to the following guides based on what features you intend to use:

Object storage type Supported by consolidated configuration?
Backups No
Job artifacts including archived job logs Yes
LFS objects Yes
Uploads Yes
Container Registry (optional feature) No
Merge request diffs Yes
Mattermost No
Packages (optional feature) Yes
Dependency Proxy (optional feature) Yes
Pseudonymizer (optional feature) No
Autoscale runner caching (optional for improved performance) No
Terraform state files Yes

Using separate buckets for each data type is the recommended approach for GitLab.

A limitation of our configuration is that each use of object storage is separately configured. We have an issue for improving this, which would allow for one bucket with separate folders.

Using a single bucket when GitLab is deployed with the Helm chart causes restoring from a backup to not function properly. Although you may not be using a Helm deployment right now, if you migrate GitLab to a Helm deployment later, GitLab would still work, but you may not realize backups aren’t working correctly until a critical requirement for functioning backups is encountered.

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You can leverage Elasticsearch and enable Advanced Search for faster, more advanced code search across your entire GitLab instance.

Elasticsearch cluster design and requirements are dependent on your specific data. For recommended best practices about how to set up your Elasticsearch cluster alongside your instance, read how to choose the optimal cluster configuration.

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Configure NFS (optional)

For improved performance, object storage, along with Gitaly, are recommended over using NFS whenever possible. However, if you intend to use GitLab Pages, you must use NFS.

For information about configuring NFS, see the NFS documentation page.

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Troubleshooting

See the troubleshooting documentation.

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