GitLab Documentation

Static sites and GitLab Pages domains

Static sites and GitLab Pages domains

This document is the beginning of a comprehensive guide, made for those who want to publish a website with GitLab Pages but aren't familiar with the entire process involved.

This first document of this series will present you to the concepts of static sites, and go over how the default Pages domains work.

The second document covers how to get started with GitLab Pages: deploy a website from a forked project or create a new one from scratch.

The third document will show you how to set up a custom domain or subdomain to your site already deployed.

The fourth document will show you how to create and tweak GitLab CI for GitLab Pages.

To enable GitLab Pages for GitLab CE (Community Edition) and GitLab EE (Enterprise Edition), please read the admin documentation, and/or watch this video tutorial.

Note: For this guide, we assume you already have GitLab Pages server up and running for your GitLab instance.

What you need to know before getting started

Before we begin, let's understand a few concepts first.

Static sites

GitLab Pages only supports static websites, meaning, your output files must be HTML, CSS, and JavaScript only.

To create your static site, you can either hardcode in HTML, CSS, and JS, or use a Static Site Generator (SSG) to simplify your code and build the static site for you, which is highly recommendable and much faster than hardcoding.

Further reading

GitLab Pages domain

If you set up a GitLab Pages project on GitLab.com, it will automatically be accessible under a subdomain of namespace.gitlab.io. The namespace is defined by your username on GitLab.com, or the group name you created this project under.

Note: If you use your own GitLab instance to deploy your site with GitLab Pages, check with your sysadmin what's your Pages wildcard domain. This guide is valid for any GitLab instance, you just need to replace Pages wildcard domain on GitLab.com (*.gitlab.io) with your own.

Learn more about namespaces.

Practical examples

Project Websites

  • You created a project called blog under your username john, therefore your project URL is https://gitlab.com/john/blog/. Once you enable GitLab Pages for this project, and build your site, it will be available under https://john.gitlab.io/blog/.
  • You created a group for all your websites called websites, and a project within this group is called blog. Your project URL is https://gitlab.com/websites/blog/. Once you enable GitLab Pages for this project, the site will live under https://websites.gitlab.io/blog/.

User and Group Websites

  • Under your username, john, you created a project called john.gitlab.io. Your project URL will be https://gitlab.com/john/john.gitlab.io. Once you enable GitLab Pages for your project, your website will be published under https://john.gitlab.io.
  • Under your group websites, you created a project called websites.gitlab.io. your project's URL will be https://gitlab.com/websites/websites.gitlab.io. Once you enable GitLab Pages for your project, your website will be published under https://websites.gitlab.io.

Note: GitLab Pages does not support subgroups. You can only create the highest level group website.

General example:

  • On GitLab.com, a project site will always be available under https://namespace.gitlab.io/project-name
  • On GitLab.com, a user or group website will be available under https://namespace.gitlab.io/
  • On your GitLab instance, replace gitlab.io above with your Pages server domain. Ask your sysadmin for this information.

Read on about Projects for GitLab Pages and URL structure.


Last updated 2018-02-16

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