Using LXD with the Custom executor

In this example, we use LXD to create a container per build and clean it up afterwards.

Here, we are using a bash script for each stage. Users can’t yet specify which image to use, so we are going to use an Ubuntu 18.04 image to run the jobs.

These scripts have the following prerequisites:

Configuration

[[runners]]
  name = "lxd-executor"
  url = "https://www.gitlab.com"
  token = "xxxxxxxxxxx"
  executor = "custom"
  builds_dir = "/builds"
  cache_dir = "/cache"
  [runners.custom]
    prepare_exec = "/opt/lxd-executor/prepare.sh" # Path to a bash script to create lxd container and download dependencies.
    run_exec = "/opt/lxd-executor/run.sh" # Path to a bash script to run script inside the container.
    cleanup_exec = "/opt/lxd-executor/cleanup.sh" # Path to bash script to delete container.

Base

Each stage prepare, run, and cleanup will use this script to generate variables that are used throughout the scripts.

It’s important that this script is located in the same directory as the other scripts, in this case /opt/lxd-executor/.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# /opt/lxd-executor/base.sh

CONTAINER_ID="runner-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_RUNNER_ID-project-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_PROJECT_ID-concurrent-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_CONCURRENT_PROJECT_ID-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_JOB_ID"

Prepare

The prepare script will do the following:

  • Destroy a container with the same name if there is one running.
  • Start a container and wait for it to start.
  • Install prerequisite dependencies.
#!/usr/bin/env bash

# /opt/lxd-executor/prepare.sh

currentDir="$( cd "$( dirname "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" )" >/dev/null 2>&1 && pwd )"
source ${currentDir}/base.sh # Get variables from base.

set -eo pipefail

# trap any error, and mark it as a system failure.
trap "exit $SYSTEM_FAILURE_EXIT_CODE" ERR

CONTAINER_ID="runner-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_RUNNER_ID-project-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_PROJECT_ID-concurrent-$CUSTOM_ENV_CI_CONCURRENT_PROJECT_ID"

start_container () {
    if lxc info "$CONTAINER_ID" >/dev/null 2>/dev/null ; then
        echo 'Found old container, deleting'
        lxc delete -f "$CONTAINER_ID"
    fi

    # Container image is harcoded at the moment, since Custom executor
    # does not provide the value of `image`. See
    # https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-runner/issues/4357 for
    # details.
    lxc launch ubuntu:18.04 "$CONTAINER_ID"

    # Wait for container to start, we are using systemd to check this,
    # for the sake of brevity.
    for i in $(seq 1 10); do
        if lxc exec "$CONTAINER_ID" -- sh -c "systemctl isolate multi-user.target" >/dev/null 2>/dev/null; then
            break
        fi

        if [ "$i" == "10" ]; then
            echo 'Waited for 10 seconds to start container, exiting..'
            # Inform GitLab Runner that this is a system failure, so it
            # should be retried.
            exit "$SYSTEM_FAILURE_EXIT_CODE"
        fi

        sleep 1s
    done
}

install_dependencies () {
    # Install Git LFS, git comes pre installed with ubuntu image.
    lxc exec "$CONTAINER_ID" -- sh -c "curl -s https://packagecloud.io/install/repositories/github/git-lfs/script.deb.sh | sudo bash"
    lxc exec "$CONTAINER_ID" -- sh -c "apt-get install git-lfs"

    # Install gitlab-runner binary since we need for cache/artifacts.
    lxc exec "$CONTAINER_ID" -- sh -c "curl -L --output /usr/local/bin/gitlab-runner https://gitlab-runner-downloads.s3.amazonaws.com/latest/binaries/gitlab-runner-linux-amd64"
    lxc exec "$CONTAINER_ID" -- sh -c "chmod +x /usr/local/bin/gitlab-runner"
}

echo "Running in $CONTAINER_ID"

start_container

install_dependencies

Run

This will run the script generated by GitLab Runner by sending the content of the script to the container via STDIN.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# /opt/lxd-executor/run.sh

currentDir="$( cd "$( dirname "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" )" >/dev/null 2>&1 && pwd )"
source ${currentDir}/base.sh # Get variables from base.

lxc exec "$CONTAINER_ID" /bin/bash < "${1}"
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
    # Exit using the variable, to make the build as failure in GitLab
    # CI.
    exit $BUILD_FAILURE_EXIT_CODE
fi

Cleanup

Destroy the container since the build has finished.

#!/usr/bin/env bash

# /opt/lxd-executor/cleanup.sh

currentDir="$( cd "$( dirname "${BASH_SOURCE[0]}" )" >/dev/null 2>&1 && pwd )"
source ${currentDir}/base.sh # Get variables from base.

echo "Deleting container $CONTAINER_ID"

lxc delete -f "$CONTAINER_ID"