Installing the agent for Kubernetes

Version history
  • Moved from GitLab Premium to GitLab Free in 14.5.
  • Introduced multi-arch images in GitLab 14.8. The first multi-arch release is v14.8.1. It supports AMD64 and ARM64 architectures.
  • Introduced ARM architecture support in GitLab 14.9.

To connect a Kubernetes cluster to GitLab, you must install an agent in your cluster.

Prerequisites

Before you can install the agent in your cluster, you need:

Installation steps

To install the agent in your cluster:

  1. Optional. Create an agent configuration file.
  2. Register the agent with GitLab.
  3. Install the agent in your cluster.

Watch a GitLab 14.2 walk-through of this process.

Create an agent configuration file

Version history
  • Introduced in GitLab 13.7, the agent configuration file can be added to multiple directories (or subdirectories) of the repository.
  • Group authorization was introduced in GitLab 14.3.

For configuration settings, the agent uses a YAML file in the GitLab project. You must create this file if:

To create an agent configuration file:

  1. Choose a name for your agent. The agent name follows the DNS label standard from RFC 1123. The name must:

    • Be unique in the project.
    • Contain at most 63 characters.
    • Contain only lowercase alphanumeric characters or -.
    • Start with an alphanumeric character.
    • End with an alphanumeric character.
  2. In the repository, in the default branch, create this directory at the root:

    .gitlab/agents/<agent-name>
    
  3. In the directory, create a config.yaml file. Ensure the filename ends in .yaml, not .yml.

You can leave the file blank for now, and configure it later.

Register the agent with GitLab

Version history
  • Introduced in GitLab 14.1, you can create a new agent record directly from the GitLab UI.
  • Introduced in GitLab 14.9, the agent can be registered without creating an agent configuration file.
In GitLab 14.10, a flag named certificate_based_clusters changed the Actions menu to focus on the agent rather than certificates. The flag is enabled on GitLab.com and self-managed.

Prerequisites:

You must register an agent before you can install the agent in your cluster. To register an agent:

  1. On the top bar, select Main menu > Projects and find your project. If you have an agent configuration file, it must be in this project. Your cluster manifest files should also be in this project.
  2. From the left sidebar, select Infrastructure > Kubernetes clusters.
  3. Select Connect a cluster (agent).
    • If you want to create a configuration with CI/CD defaults, type a name.
    • If you already have an agent configuration file, select it from the list.
  4. Select Register an agent.
  5. GitLab generates an access token for the agent. You need this token to install the agent in your cluster and to update the agent to another version.

    caution
    Securely store the agent access token. A bad actor can use this token to access source code in the agent’s configuration project, access source code in any public project on the GitLab instance, or even, under very specific conditions, obtain a Kubernetes manifest.
  6. Copy the command under Recommended installation method. You need it when you use the one-liner installation method to install the agent in your cluster.

Install the agent in the cluster

Introduced in GitLab 14.10, GitLab recommends using Helm to install the agent.

To connect your cluster to GitLab, install the registered agent in your cluster. You can either:

If you do not know which one to choose, we recommend starting with Helm.

note
To connect to multiple clusters, you must configure, register, and install an agent in each cluster. Make sure to give each agent a unique name.

Install the agent with Helm

To install the agent on your cluster using Helm:

  1. Install Helm.
  2. In your computer, open a terminal and connect to your cluster.
  3. Run the command you copied when you registered your agent with GitLab.

Optionally, you can customize the Helm installation.

Customize the Helm installation

By default, the Helm installation command generated by GitLab:

  • Creates a namespace gitlab-agent for the deployment (--namespace gitlab-agent). You can skip creating the namespace by omitting the --create-namespace flag.
  • Sets up a service account for the agent with cluster-admin rights. You can:
    • Skip creating the service account by adding --set serviceAccount.create=false to the helm install command. In this case, you must set serviceAccount.name to a pre-existing service account.
    • Skip creating the RBAC permissions by adding --set rbac.create=false to the helm install command. In this case, you must bring your own RBAC permissions for the agent. Otherwise, it has no permissions at all.
  • Creates a Secret resource for the agent’s access token. To instead bring your own secret with a token, omit the token (--set token=...) and instead use --set config.secretName=<your secret name>.
  • Creates a Deployment resource for the agentk pod.

To see the full list of customizations available, see the Helm chart’s default values file.

Use the agent behind an HTTP proxy

Introduced in GitLab 15.0, the GitLab agent Helm chart supports setting environment variables.

To configure an HTTP proxy when using the Helm chart, you can use the environment variables HTTP_PROXY, HTTPS_PROXY, and NO_PROXY. Upper and lowercase are both acceptable.

You can set these variables by using the extraEnv value, as a list of objects with keys name and value. For example, to set only the environment variable HTTPS_PROXY to the value https://example.com/proxy, you can run:

helm upgrade --install gitlab-agent gitlab/gitlab-agent \
  --set extraEnv[0].name=HTTPS_PROXY \
  --set extraEnv[0].value=https://example.com/proxy \
  ...

Advanced installation method

GitLab also provides a KPT package for the agent. This method provides greater flexibility, but is only recommended for advanced users.

Configure your agent

To configure your agent, add content to the config.yaml file:

Install multiple agents in your cluster

To install a second agent in your cluster, you can follow the previous steps a second time. To avoid resource name collisions within the cluster, you must either:

  • Use a different release name for the agent, for example, second-gitlab-agent:

    helm upgrade --install second-gitlab-agent gitlab/gitlab-agent ...
    
  • Or, install the agent in a different namespace, for example, different-namespace:

    helm upgrade --install gitlab-agent gitlab/gitlab-agent \
      --namespace different-namespace \
      ...
    

Example projects

The following example projects can help you get started with the agent.

Updates and version compatibility

Introduced in GitLab 14.8, GitLab warns you on the agent’s list page to update the agent version installed on your cluster.

For the best experience, the version of the agent installed in your cluster should match the GitLab major and minor version. The previous minor version is also supported. For example, if your GitLab version is v14.9.4 (major version 14, minor version 9), then versions v14.9.0 and v14.9.1 of the agent are ideal, but any v14.8.x version of the agent is also supported. See the release page of the GitLab agent.

Update the agent version

To update the agent to the latest version, you can run:

helm repo update
helm upgrade --install gitlab-agent gitlab/gitlab-agent \
  --namespace gitlab-agent \
  --reuse-values

To set a specific version, you can override the image.tag value. For example, to install version v14.9.1, run:

helm upgrade gitlab-agent gitlab/gitlab-agent \
  --namespace gitlab-agent \
  --reuse-values \
  --set image.tag=v14.9.1

Uninstall the agent

If you installed the agent with Helm, then you can also uninstall with Helm. For example, if the release and namespace are both called gitlab-agent, then you can uninstall the agent using the following command:

helm uninstall gitlab-agent \
    --namespace gitlab-agent