GitLab Security Dashboards and Security Center

GitLab provides a comprehensive set of features for viewing and managing vulnerabilities:

  • Security dashboards: An overview of the security status in your personal Security Center, groups, and projects.
  • Vulnerability reports: Detailed lists of all vulnerabilities for the Security Center, group, project, or pipeline. This is where you triage and manage vulnerabilities.
  • Security Center: A dedicated area for personalized vulnerability management. This includes a security dashboard, vulnerability report, and settings.

You can also drill down into a vulnerability and get extra information on the Vulnerability Page. This view includes the project it comes from, any related file(s), and metadata that helps you analyze the risk it poses. You can also confirm, dismiss, or resolve a vulnerability, create an issue for it, and in some cases, generate a merge request to fix the vulnerability.

To benefit from these features, you must first configure one of the security scanners.

Supported reports

The security dashboard and vulnerability report displays information about vulnerabilities detected by scanners such as:

Prerequisites

  1. At least one project inside a group must be configured with at least one of the supported reports.
  2. The configured jobs must use the new reports syntax.
  3. GitLab Runner 11.5 or newer must be used. If you’re using the shared runners on GitLab.com, this is already the case.

Pipeline Security

At the pipeline level, the Security section displays the vulnerabilities present in the branch of the project the pipeline ran against.

Pipeline Security Dashboard

Visit the page for any pipeline that ran any of the supported reports. To view the pipeline’s security findings, select the Security tab when viewing the pipeline.

A pipeline consists of multiple jobs, including SAST and DAST scanning. If any job fails to finish for any reason, the security dashboard doesn’t show SAST scanner output. For example, if the SAST job finishes but the DAST job fails, the security dashboard doesn’t show SAST results. On failure, the analyzer outputs an exit code.

Scan details

The Scan details section lists the scans run in the pipeline and the total number of vulnerabilities per scan. For the DAST scan, select Download scanned resources to download a CSV file containing details of the resources scanned.

Project Security Dashboard

At the project level, the Security Dashboard displays a chart with the number of vulnerabilities over time. Access it by navigating to Security & Compliance > Security Dashboard. We display historical data up to 365 days.

Project Security Dashboard

Filter the historical data by clicking on the corresponding legend name. The image above, for example, shows only the graph for vulnerabilities with high severity.

Group Security Dashboard

The group Security Dashboard gives an overview of the vulnerabilities found in the default branches of the projects in a group and its subgroups. Access it by navigating to Security > Security Dashboard after selecting your group. By default, the Security Dashboard displays all detected and confirmed vulnerabilities. If you don’t see the vulnerabilities over time graph, the likely cause is that you have not selected a group.

Note that the Security Dashboard only shows projects with security reports enabled in a group.

Dashboard with action buttons and metrics

There is a timeline chart that shows how many open vulnerabilities your projects had at various points in time. You can display the vulnerability trends over a 30, 60, or 90-day time frame (the default is 90 days). Hover over the chart to get more details about the open vulnerabilities at a specific time. Aggregated data beyond 90 days can be accessed by querying our VulnerabilitiesCountByDay GraphQL API. This data is retained for 365 days.

Next to the timeline chart is a list of projects, grouped and sorted by the severity of the vulnerability found:

Grade Description
F One or more “critical”
D One or more “high” or “unknown”
C One or more “medium”
B One or more “low”
A Zero vulnerabilities

Projects with no vulnerability tests configured don’t appear in the list. Additionally, dismissed vulnerabilities are excluded.

Navigate to the group’s vulnerability report to view the vulnerabilities found.

Security Center

The Security Center is personal space where you manage vulnerabilities across all your projects. It displays the vulnerabilities present in the default branches of all the projects you configure. It includes the following:

Security Center Dashboard with projects

You can access the Security Center from the menu bar at the top of the page. Under More, select Security.

Security Center navigation link

The dashboard and vulnerability report are empty before you add projects.

Uninitialized Security Center

Adding projects to the Security Center

To add projects to the Security Center:

  1. Click Settings in the left navigation bar or click the Add projects button.
  2. Search for and add one or more projects using the Search your projects field.
  3. Click the Add projects button.

Adding projects to Security Center

After you add projects, the security dashboard and vulnerability report display the vulnerabilities found in those projects’ default branches.

Keeping the dashboards up to date

The Security Dashboard displays information from the results of the most recent security scan on the default branch, which means that security scans are performed every time the branch is updated.

If the default branch is updated infrequently, scans are run infrequently and the information on the Security Dashboard can become outdated as new vulnerabilities are discovered.

To ensure the information on the Security Dashboard is regularly updated, configure a scheduled pipeline to run a daily security scan. This updates the information displayed on the Security Dashboard regardless of how often the default branch is updated.

That way, reports are created even if no code change happens.

cautionRunning Dependency Scanning from a scheduled pipeline might result in false negatives if your project doesn’t have a lock file and isn’t configured for Continuous Delivery. A lock file is a file that lists all transient dependencies and keeps track of their exact versions. The false negative can occur because the dependency version resolved during the scan might differ from the ones resolved when your project was built and released, in a previous pipeline. Java projects can’t have lock files. Python projects can have lock files, but GitLab Secure tools don’t support them.

Security scans using Auto DevOps

When using Auto DevOps, use special environment variables to configure daily security scans.

Read more on how to interact with the vulnerabilities.