Dependency Scanning Analyzers

Dependency Scanning relies on underlying third-party tools that are wrapped into what we call “Analyzers”. An analyzer is a dedicated project that wraps a particular tool to:

  • Expose its detection logic.
  • Handle its execution.
  • Convert its output to the common format.

This is achieved by implementing the common API.

Dependency Scanning supports the following official analyzers:

The analyzers are published as Docker images, which Dependency Scanning uses to launch dedicated containers for each analysis.

Dependency Scanning is pre-configured with a set of default images that are maintained by GitLab, but users can also integrate their own custom images.

Official default analyzers

Any custom change to the official analyzers can be achieved by using a CI/CD variable in your .gitlab-ci.yml.

Using a custom Docker mirror

You can switch to a custom Docker registry that provides the official analyzer images under a different prefix. For instance, the following instructs Dependency Scanning to pull my-docker-registry/gl-images/gemnasium instead of registry.gitlab.com/gitlab-org/security-products/analyzers/gemnasium. In .gitlab-ci.yml define:

include:
  template: Security/Dependency-Scanning.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  SECURE_ANALYZERS_PREFIX: my-docker-registry/gl-images

This configuration requires that your custom registry provides images for all the official analyzers.

Disable specific analyzers

You can select the official analyzers you don’t want to run. Here’s how to disable bundler-audit and gemnasium analyzers. In .gitlab-ci.yml define:

include:
  template: Security/Dependency-Scanning.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  DS_EXCLUDED_ANALYZERS: "bundler-audit, gemnasium"

Disabling default analyzers

Setting DS_EXCLUDED_ANALYZERS to a list of the official analyzers disables them. In .gitlab-ci.yml define:

include:
  template: Security/Dependency-Scanning.gitlab-ci.yml

variables:
  DS_EXCLUDED_ANALYZERS: "gemnasium, gemnasium-maven, gemnasium-python, bundler-audit, retire.js"

This is used when one totally relies on custom analyzers.

Custom analyzers

You can provide your own analyzers by defining CI jobs in your CI configuration. For consistency, you should suffix your custom Dependency Scanning jobs with -dependency_scanning. Here’s how to add a scanning job that’s based on the Docker image my-docker-registry/analyzers/nuget and generates a Dependency Scanning report gl-dependency-scanning-report.json when /analyzer run is executed. Define the following in .gitlab-ci.yml:

nuget-dependency_scanning:
  image:
    name: "my-docker-registry/analyzers/nuget"
  script:
    - /analyzer run
  artifacts:
    reports:
      dependency_scanning: gl-dependency-scanning-report.json

The Security Scanner Integration documentation explains how to integrate custom security scanners into GitLab.

Analyzers data

The following table lists the data available for each official analyzer.

Property \ Tool Gemnasium bundler-audit Retire.js
Severity 𐄂
Title
File
Start line 𐄂 𐄂 𐄂
End line 𐄂 𐄂 𐄂
External ID (e.g., CVE)
URLs
Internal doc/explanation 𐄂 𐄂
Solution 𐄂
Confidence 𐄂 𐄂 𐄂
Affected item (e.g. class or package)
Source code extract 𐄂 𐄂 𐄂
Internal ID 𐄂 𐄂
Date 𐄂 𐄂
Credits 𐄂 𐄂
  • ✓ => we have that data
  • ⚠ => we have that data, but it’s partially reliable, or we need to extract that data from unstructured content
  • 𐄂 => we don’t have that data, or it would need to develop specific or inefficient/unreliable logic to obtain it.

The values provided by these tools are heterogeneous, so they are sometimes normalized into common values (e.g., severity, confidence, etc).