Server-side code injection (PHP)


The target application was found vulnerable to code injection. A malicious actor could inject arbitrary PHP code to be executed on the server. This could lead to a full system compromise by accessing stored secrets, injecting code to take over accounts, or executing OS commands.


Never pass user input directly into functions which evaluate string data as code, such as eval. There is almost no benefit of passing string values to eval, as such the best recommendation is to replace the current logic with more safe implementations of dynamically evaluating logic with user input. One alternative is to use an array(), storing expected user inputs in an array key, and use that key as a look up to execute functions:

$func_to_run = function()
    print('hello world');

$function_map = array();
$function_map["fn"] = $func_to_run; // store additional input to function mappings here

$input = "fn";

// lookup "fn" as the key
if (array_key_exists($input, $function_map)) {
    // run the $func_to_run that was stored in the "fn" array hash value.
    $func = $function_map[$input];
} else {
    print('invalid input');


ID Aggregated CWE Type Risk
94.1 false 94 Active high