Using semantic HTML plays a key role when it comes to accessibility.

Accessible Rich Internet Applications - ARIA

WAI-ARIA (the Accessible Rich Internet Applications specification) defines a way to make Web content and Web applications more accessible to people with disabilities.

Note: It is recommended to use semantic elements as the primary method to achieve accessibility rather than adding aria attributes. Adding aria attributes should be seen as a secondary method for creating accessible elements.


The role attribute describes the role the element plays in the context of the document.

Review the list of WAI-ARIA roles.


When using icons or images that aren’t absolutely needed to understand the context, we should use aria-hidden="true".

On the other hand, if an icon is crucial to understand the context we should do one of the following:

  1. Use aria-label in the element with a meaningful description
  2. Use aria-labelledby to point to an element that contains the explanation for that icon

Form inputs

In forms we should use the for attribute in the label statement:

  <label for="name">Fill in your name:</label>
  <input type="text" id="name" name="name">


  1. On MacOS you can use VoiceOver by pressing cmd+F5.
  2. On Windows you can use Narrator by pressing Windows logo key + Control + Enter.

Online resources