Tooling

ESLint

We use ESLint to encapsulate and enforce frontend code standards. Our configuration may be found in the gitlab-eslint-config project.

Yarn Script

This section describes yarn scripts that are available to validate and apply automatic fixes to files using ESLint.

To check all currently staged files (based on git diff) with ESLint, run the following script:

yarn eslint-staged

A list of problems found will be logged to the console.

To apply automatic ESLint fixes to all currently staged files (based on git diff), run the following script:

yarn eslint-staged-fix

If manual changes are required, a list of changes will be sent to the console.

To check all files in the repository with ESLint, run the following script:

yarn eslint

A list of problems found will be logged to the console.

To apply automatic ESLint fixes to all files in the repository, run the following script:

yarn eslint-fix

If manual changes are required, a list of changes will be sent to the console.

Caution: Limit use to global rule updates. Otherwise, the changes can lead to huge Merge Requests.

Disabling ESLint in new files

Do not disable ESLint when creating new files. Existing files may have existing rules disabled due to legacy compatibility reasons but they are in the process of being refactored.

Do not disable specific ESLint rules. To avoid introducing technical debt, you may disable the following rules only if you are invoking/instantiating existing code modules.

Note: Disable these rules on a per-line basis. This makes it easier to refactor in the future. E.g. use eslint-disable-next-line or eslint-disable-line.

Disabling ESLint for a single violation

If you do need to disable a rule for a single violation, disable it for the smallest amount of code necessary:

// bad
/* eslint-disable no-new */

import Foo from 'foo';

new Foo();

// better
import Foo from 'foo';

// eslint-disable-next-line no-new
new Foo();

The no-undef rule and declaring globals

Never disable the no-undef rule. Declare globals with /* global Foo */ instead.

When declaring multiple globals, always use one /* global [name] */ line per variable.

// bad
/* globals Flash, Cookies, jQuery */

// good
/* global Flash */
/* global Cookies */
/* global jQuery */

Formatting with Prettier

Support for .graphql introduced in GitLab 13.2.

Our code is automatically formatted with Prettier to follow our style guides. Prettier is taking care of formatting .js, .vue, .graphql, and .scss files based on the standard prettier rules. You can find all settings for Prettier in .prettierrc.

Editor

The recommended method to include Prettier in your workflow is to set up your preferred editor (all major editors are supported) accordingly. We suggest setting up Prettier to run when each file is saved. For instructions about using Prettier in your preferred editor, see the Prettier documentation.

Please take care that you only let Prettier format the same file types as the global Yarn script does (.js, .vue, .graphql, and .scss). In VSCode by example you can easily exclude file formats in your settings file:

  "prettier.disableLanguages": [
      "json",
      "markdown"
  ]

Yarn Script

The following yarn scripts are available to do global formatting:

yarn prettier-staged-save

Updates all currently staged files (based on git diff) with Prettier and saves the needed changes.

yarn prettier-staged

Checks all currently staged files (based on git diff) with Prettier and log which files would need manual updating to the console.

yarn prettier-all

Checks all files with Prettier and logs which files need manual updating to the console.

yarn prettier-all-save

Formats all files in the repository with Prettier. (This should only be used to test global rule updates otherwise you would end up with huge MR’s).

The source of these Yarn scripts can be found in /scripts/frontend/prettier.js.

Scripts during Conversion period

node ./scripts/frontend/prettier.js check-all ./vendor/

This will go over all files in a specific folder check it.

node ./scripts/frontend/prettier.js save-all ./vendor/

This will go over all files in a specific folder and save it.

VSCode Settings

Select Prettier as default formatter

To select Prettier as a formatter, add the following properties to your User or Workspace Settings:

{
  "[html]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  },
  "[javascript]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  },
  "[vue]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  },
  "[graphql]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  }
}

Format on Save

To automatically format your files with Prettier, add the following properties to your User or Workspace Settings:

{
  "[html]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
  "[javascript]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
  "[vue]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
  "[graphql]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
}