Tooling

ESLint

We use ESLint to encapsulate and enforce frontend code standards. Our configuration may be found in the gitlab-eslint-config project.

Yarn Script

This section describes yarn scripts that are available to validate and apply automatic fixes to files using ESLint.

To check all staged files (based on git diff) with ESLint, run the following script:

yarn run lint:eslint:staged

A list of problems found are logged to the console.

To apply automatic ESLint fixes to all staged files (based on git diff), run the following script:

yarn run lint:eslint:staged:fix

If manual changes are required, a list of changes are sent to the console.

To check a specific file in the repository with ESLINT, run the following script (replacing $PATH_TO_FILE):

yarn run lint:eslint $PATH_TO_FILE

To check all files in the repository with ESLint, run the following script:

yarn run lint:eslint:all

A list of problems found are logged to the console.

To apply automatic ESLint fixes to all files in the repository, run the following script:

yarn run lint:eslint:all:fix

If manual changes are required, a list of changes are sent to the console.

caution Limit use to global rule updates. Otherwise, the changes can lead to huge Merge Requests.

Disabling ESLint in new files

Do not disable ESLint when creating new files. Existing files may have existing rules disabled due to legacy compatibility reasons but they are in the process of being refactored.

Do not disable specific ESLint rules. To avoid introducing technical debt, you may disable the following rules only if you are invoking/instantiating existing code modules.

Disable these rules on a per-line basis. This makes it easier to refactor in the future. For example, use eslint-disable-next-line or eslint-disable-line.

Disabling ESLint for a single violation

If you do need to disable a rule for a single violation, disable it for the smallest amount of code necessary:

// bad
/* eslint-disable no-new */

import Foo from 'foo';

new Foo();

// better
import Foo from 'foo';

// eslint-disable-next-line no-new
new Foo();

The no-undef rule and declaring globals

Never disable the no-undef rule. Declare globals with /* global Foo */ instead.

When declaring multiple globals, always use one /* global [name] */ line per variable.

// bad
/* globals Flash, Cookies, jQuery */

// good
/* global Flash */
/* global Cookies */
/* global jQuery */

Deprecating functions with import/no-deprecated

Our @gitlab/eslint-plugin Node module contains the eslint-plugin-import package.

We can use the import/no-deprecated rule to deprecate functions using a JSDoc block with a @deprecated tag:

/**
 * Convert search query into an object
 *
 * @param {String} query from "document.location.search"
 * @param {Object} options
 * @param {Boolean} options.gatherArrays - gather array values into an Array
 * @returns {Object}
 *
 * ex: "?one=1&two=2" into {one: 1, two: 2}
 * @deprecated Please use `queryToObject` instead. See https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/issues/283982 for more information
 */
export function queryToObject(query, options = {}) {
  ...
}

It is strongly encouraged that you:

  • Put in an alternative path for developers looking to use this function.
  • Provide a link to the issue that tracks the migration process.
note Uses are detected if you import the deprecated function into another file. They are not detected when the function is used in the same file.

Running $ yarn eslint after this will give us the list of deprecated usages:

$ yarn eslint

./app/assets/javascripts/issuable_form.js
   9:10  error  Deprecated: Please use `queryToObject` instead. See https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/issues/283982 for more information  import/no-deprecated
  33:23  error  Deprecated: Please use `queryToObject` instead. See https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/issues/283982 for more information  import/no-deprecated
...

Grep for disabled cases of this rule to generate a working list to create issues from, so you can track the effort of removing deprecated uses:

$ grep "eslint-disable.*import/no-deprecated" -r .

./app/assets/javascripts/issuable_form.js:import { queryToObject, objectToQuery } from './lib/utils/url_utility'; // eslint-disable-line import/no-deprecate
./app/assets/javascripts/issuable_form.js:  // eslint-disable-next-line import/no-deprecated

Formatting with Prettier

Support for .graphql introduced in GitLab 13.2.

Our code is automatically formatted with Prettier to follow our style guides. Prettier is taking care of formatting .js, .vue, .graphql, and .scss files based on the standard prettier rules. You can find all settings for Prettier in .prettierrc.

Editor

The recommended method to include Prettier in your workflow is to set up your preferred editor (all major editors are supported) accordingly. We suggest setting up Prettier to run when each file is saved. For instructions about using Prettier in your preferred editor, see the Prettier documentation.

Please take care that you only let Prettier format the same file types as the global Yarn script does (.js, .vue, .graphql, and .scss). For example, you can exclude file formats in your Visual Studio Code settings file:

  "prettier.disableLanguages": [
      "json",
      "markdown"
  ]

Yarn Script

The following yarn scripts are available to do global formatting:

yarn run lint:prettier:staged:fix

Updates all staged files (based on git diff) with Prettier and saves the needed changes.

yarn run lint:prettier:staged

Checks all staged files (based on git diff) with Prettier and log which files would need manual updating to the console.

yarn run lint:prettier

Checks all files with Prettier and logs which files need manual updating to the console.

yarn run lint:prettier:fix

Formats all files in the repository with Prettier.

VSCode Settings

Select Prettier as default formatter

To select Prettier as a formatter, add the following properties to your User or Workspace Settings:

{
  "[html]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  },
  "[javascript]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  },
  "[vue]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  },
  "[graphql]": {
    "editor.defaultFormatter": "esbenp.prettier-vscode"
  }
}

Format on Save

To automatically format your files with Prettier, add the following properties to your User or Workspace Settings:

{
  "[html]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
  "[javascript]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
  "[vue]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
  "[graphql]": {
    "editor.formatOnSave": true
  },
}