Job artifacts

Introduced in GitLab 12.4, artifacts in internal and private projects can be previewed when GitLab Pages access control is enabled.

Jobs can output an archive of files and directories. This output is known as a job artifact.

You can download job artifacts by using the GitLab UI or the API.

For an overview of job artifacts, watch the video GitLab CI pipelines, artifacts, and environments. Or, for an introduction, watch GitLab CI pipeline tutorial for beginners.

For administrator information about job artifact storage, see administering job artifacts.

Create job artifacts

To create job artifacts, use the artifacts keyword in your .gitlab-ci.yml file:

pdf:
  script: xelatex mycv.tex
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - mycv.pdf
    expire_in: 1 week

In this example, a job named pdf calls the xelatex command to build a PDF file from the LaTeX source file, mycv.tex.

The paths keyword determines which files to add to the job artifacts. All paths to files and directories are relative to the repository where the job was created.

The expire_in keyword determines how long GitLab keeps the job artifacts. You can also use the UI to keep job artifacts from expiring. If expire_in is not defined, the instance-wide setting is used.

If you run two types of pipelines (like branch and scheduled) for the same ref, the pipeline that finishes later creates the job artifact.

To disable artifact passing, define the job with empty dependencies:

job:
  stage: build
  script: make build
  dependencies: []

You may want to create artifacts only for tagged releases to avoid filling the build server storage with temporary build artifacts. For example, use rules to create artifacts only for tags:

default-job:
  script:
    - mvn test -U
  rules:
    - if: $CI_COMMIT_BRANCH

release-job:
  script:
    - mvn package -U
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - target/*.war
  rules:
    - if: $CI_COMMIT_TAG

You can use wildcards for directories too. For example, if you want to get all the files inside the directories that end with xyz:

job:
  artifacts:
    paths:
      - path/*xyz/*

Use CI/CD variables to define the artifacts name

You can use CI/CD variables to dynamically define the artifacts file’s name.

For example, to create an archive with a name of the current job:

job:
  artifacts:
    name: "$CI_JOB_NAME"
    paths:
      - binaries/

To create an archive with a name of the current branch or tag including only the binaries directory:

job:
  artifacts:
    name: "$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
    paths:
      - binaries/

If your branch-name contains forward slashes (for example feature/my-feature) it’s advised to use $CI_COMMIT_REF_SLUG instead of $CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME for proper naming of the artifact.

To create an archive with a name of the current job and the current branch or tag including only the binaries directory:

job:
  artifacts:
    name: "$CI_JOB_NAME-$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
    paths:
      - binaries/

To create an archive with a name of the current stage and branch name:

job:
  artifacts:
    name: "$CI_JOB_STAGE-$CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
    paths:
      - binaries/

If you use Windows Batch to run your shell scripts you must replace $ with %:

job:
  artifacts:
    name: "%CI_JOB_STAGE%-%CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME%"
    paths:
      - binaries/

If you use Windows PowerShell to run your shell scripts you must replace $ with $env::

job:
  artifacts:
    name: "$env:CI_JOB_STAGE-$env:CI_COMMIT_REF_NAME"
    paths:
      - binaries/

Exclude files from job artifacts

Use artifacts:exclude to prevent files from being added to an artifacts archive.

For example, to store all files in binaries/, but not *.o files located in subdirectories of binaries/.

artifacts:
  paths:
    - binaries/
  exclude:
    - binaries/**/*.o

Unlike artifacts:paths, exclude paths are not recursive. To exclude all of the contents of a directory, match them explicitly rather than matching the directory itself.

For example, to store all files in binaries/ but nothing located in the temp/ subdirectory:

artifacts:
  paths:
    - binaries/
  exclude:
    - binaries/temp/**/*

Add untracked files to artifacts

Use artifacts:untracked to add all Git untracked files as artifacts (along with the paths defined in artifacts:paths).

Save all Git untracked files and files in binaries:

artifacts:
  untracked: true
  paths:
    - binaries/

Save all untracked files but exclude *.txt:

artifacts:
  untracked: true
  exclude:
    - "*.txt"

Download job artifacts

You can download job artifacts or view the job archive:

  • On the Pipelines page, to the right of the pipeline:

    Job artifacts in Pipelines page

  • On the Jobs page, to the right of the job:

    Job artifacts in Jobs page

  • On a job’s detail page. The Keep button indicates an expire_in value was set:

    Job artifacts browser button

  • On a merge request, by the pipeline details:

    Job artifacts in merge request

  • When browsing an archive:

    Job artifacts browser

    If GitLab Pages is enabled in the project, you can preview HTML files in the artifacts directly in your browser. If the project is internal or private, you must enable GitLab Pages access control to preview HTML files.

View failed job artifacts

If the latest job has failed to upload the artifacts, you can see that information in the UI.

Latest artifacts button

Delete job artifacts

caution
This is a destructive action that leads to data loss. Use with caution.

You can delete a single job, which also removes the job’s artifacts and log. You must be:

  • The owner of the job.
  • A maintainer of the project.

To delete a job:

  1. Go to a job’s detail page.
  2. On the top right of the job’s log, select Erase job log ().
  3. On the confirmation dialog, select OK.

Expose job artifacts in the merge request UI

Use the artifacts:expose_as keyword to expose job artifacts in the merge request UI.

For example, to match a single file:

test:
  script: ["echo 'test' > file.txt"]
  artifacts:
    expose_as: 'artifact 1'
    paths: ['file.txt']

With this configuration, GitLab adds a link artifact 1 to the relevant merge request that points to file.txt. To access the link, select View exposed artifact below the pipeline graph in the merge request overview.

An example that matches an entire directory:

test:
  script: ["mkdir test && echo 'test' > test/file.txt"]
  artifacts:
    expose_as: 'artifact 1'
    paths: ['test/']

Retrieve job artifacts for other projects

To retrieve a job artifact from a different project, you might need to use a private token to authenticate and download the artifact.

How searching for job artifacts works

In GitLab 13.5 and later, artifacts for parent and child pipelines are searched in hierarchical order from parent to child. For example, if both parent and child pipelines have a job with the same name, the job artifact from the parent pipeline is returned.

Access the latest job artifacts by URL

You can download job artifacts from the latest successful pipeline by using a URL.

To download the whole artifacts archive:

https://example.com/<namespace>/<project>/-/jobs/artifacts/<ref>/download?job=<job_name>

To download a single file from the artifacts:

https://example.com/<namespace>/<project>/-/jobs/artifacts/<ref>/raw/<path_to_file>?job=<job_name>

For example, to download the latest artifacts of the job named coverage in the main branch of the gitlab project in the gitlab-org namespace:

https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/jobs/artifacts/main/download?job=coverage

To download the file review/index.html from the same artifacts:

https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/jobs/artifacts/main/raw/review/index.html?job=coverage

To browse the latest job artifacts:

https://example.com/<namespace>/<project>/-/jobs/artifacts/<ref>/browse?job=<job_name>

For example:

https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/jobs/artifacts/main/browse?job=coverage

To download specific files, including HTML files that are shown in GitLab Pages:

https://example.com/<namespace>/<project>/-/jobs/artifacts/<ref>/file/<path>?job=<job_name>

For example, when a job coverage creates the artifact htmlcov/index.html:

https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab/-/jobs/artifacts/main/file/htmlcov/index.html?job=coverage

When job artifacts are deleted

See the expire_in documentation for information on when job artifacts are deleted.

Keep artifacts from most recent successful jobs

Version history

Keeping the latest artifacts can use a large amount of storage space in projects with a lot of jobs or large artifacts. If the latest artifacts are not needed in a project, you can disable this behavior to save space:

  1. On the top bar, select Menu > Projects and find your project.
  2. On the left sidebar, select Settings > CI/CD.
  3. Expand Artifacts.
  4. Clear the Keep artifacts from most recent successful jobs checkbox.

You can disable this behavior for all projects on a self-managed instance in the instance’s CI/CD settings.

When you disable the feature, the latest artifacts do not immediately expire. A new pipeline must run before the latest artifacts can expire and be deleted.

Troubleshooting job artifacts

Error message No files to upload

This message is often preceded by other errors or warnings that specify the filename and why it wasn’t generated. Check the job log for these messages.

If you find no helpful messages, retry the failed job after activating CI/CD debug logging. This logging should provide information to help you investigate further.