Interactive Web Terminals

Introduced in GitLab 11.3.

Interactive web terminals give the user access to a terminal in GitLab for running one-off commands for their CI pipeline. Since this is giving the user shell access to the environment where GitLab Runner is deployed, some security precautions were taken to protect the users.

Note: Shared runners on GitLab.com do not provide an interactive web terminal. Follow this issue for progress on adding support. For groups and projects hosted on GitLab.com, interactive web terminals are available when using your own group or project runner.

Configuration

Two things need to be configured for the interactive web terminal to work:

Debugging a running job

Note: Not all executors are supported.
Note: The docker executor does not keep running after the build script is finished. At that point, the terminal will automatically disconnect and will not wait for the user to finish. Please follow this issue for updates on improving this behavior.

Sometimes, when a job is running, things don’t go as you would expect, and it would be helpful if one can have a shell to aid debugging. When a job is running, on the right panel you can see a button debug that will open the terminal for the current job.

Example of job running with terminal
available

When clicked, a new tab will open to the terminal page where you can access the terminal and type commands like a normal shell.

terminal of the job

If you have the terminal open and the job has finished with its tasks, the terminal will block the job from finishing for the duration configured in [session_server].terminal_max_retention_time until you close the terminal window.

finished job with terminal open

Interactive Web Terminals for the Web IDE

Read the Web IDE docs to learn how to run Interactive Terminals through the Web IDE.