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Status Authors Coach DRIs Owning Stage Created
proposed @vyaklushin @andrewn @grzesiek @ofernandez2 @sean_carroll group source_code 2023-09-07

Transfer data


GitLab already provides users transparency on their Usage Quotas.

We currently display data about:

  • used license seats
  • used storage
  • CI/CD minutes usage

But we don’t collect and present transfer data (egress traffic caused by various parts of the application).

Collecting data about number of transferred bytes between clients, customers and services will allow us to discover new efficiencies and reduce the operational risk. We want to better understand the data transfer patterns across the whole application stack.

The goal of this blueprint to describe steps we need to do to achieve the result.


Explore various solutions to store, process and present transfer data across the whole application stack.


There are different types of transferred data.

Type Description
Repository Egress data related to Git fetch operations (pull, clone)
Artifacts Artifacts transfer caused by direct and proxied egress
Pages Pages egress (depends on Artifacts API)
Packages Package registry egress
Registry Container registry egress
Uploads Object store egress

Each type has different implementations and can be measured separately but collection of metadata / data transfer telemetry and consuming / visualizing it, should be built on top of the same abstraction.


flowchart TB A[Applications] -->|send logs| Pub(Google Pub/Sub) Pub -->JSONParser subgraph DataflowPipeline direction TB JSONParser -->|selects only JSON lines| LogProcessor LogProcessor -->|insert only data transfer logs|ClickHouse end ClickHouse -->|query transfer logs| Rails


Every application produces logs in structured format. Logs related to transfer data requests have metadata fields that include the number of bytes transferred, root namespace ID, project ID, and timestamp of the egress event.

Google Pub/Sub

Application logs are collected and sent to Google Pub/Sub. Pub/Sub allows to subscribe to topics and read incoming logs.

Dataflow pipeline

Dataflow is a Google Cloud unified stream and batch data processing that’s serverless, fast , and cost-effective. It’s built on the open-source Apache Beam project.

Dataflow pipeline provides a data processing abstraction that can be written in Java, Python or Go.

The Dataflow pipeline is a core of the processing logic. It relies on the streaming implementation of Dataflow. The pipeline subscribes to Pub/Sub topics, reads, processes logs, and inserts them into ClickHouse database.


ClickHouse is designed to provide a fast access to work with massive data sets. It will allow customers to query aggregated data for dynamic timeframes.

ClickHouse is an abstract store for logs. The Dataflow pipeline will transform different input sources into consistent structure to be stored in ClickHouse. That allows to support various inputs and formats without affecting ClickHouse-stored timeseries.

ClickHouse table schema

CREATE TABLE transfer_data
    created_at DateTime,
    bytes UInt64,
    project_id UInt64,
    root_namespace_id UInt64,
    type String
ENGINE = MergeTree
PRIMARY KEY (project_id, root_namespace_id)
  • created_at - a timestamp of the event
  • bytes - a number of transferred bytes
  • project_id - a project ID
  • root_namespace_id - a root namespace ID
  • type - a type of egress (git, container_registry, …)


Rails application uses a gem to connect and query ClickHouse. Customers will be able see their transfer data details in their dashboard. They can request a transfer data report for their whole namespace or for particular projects.

Implementation proposals