GitLab Documentation

GitLab as an OAuth2 provider

This document covers using the OAuth2 protocol to access GitLab.

If you want GitLab to be an OAuth authentication service provider to sign into other services please see the Oauth2 provider documentation.

OAuth2 is a protocol that enables us to authenticate a user without requiring them to give their password to a third-party.

This functionality is based on doorkeeper gem

Web Application Flow

This is the most common type of flow and is used by server-side clients that wish to access GitLab on a user's behalf.

Note: This flow should not be used for client-side clients as you would leak your client_secret. Client-side clients should use the Implicit Grant (which is currently unsupported).

For more detailed information, check out the RFC spec

In the following sections you will be introduced to the three steps needed for this flow.

1. Registering the client

First, you should create an application (/profile/applications) in your user's account. Each application gets a unique App ID and App Secret parameters.

Note: You should not share/leak your App ID or App Secret.

2. Requesting authorization

To request the authorization code, you should redirect the user to the /oauth/authorize endpoint:

https://gitlab.example.com/oauth/authorize?client_id=APP_ID&redirect_uri=REDIRECT_URI&response_type=code&state=your_unique_state_hash

This will ask the user to approve the applications access to their account and then redirect back to the REDIRECT_URI you provided.

The redirect will include the GET code parameter, for example:

http://myapp.com/oauth/redirect?code=1234567890&state=your_unique_state_hash

You should then use the code to request an access token.

Important: It is highly recommended that you send a state value with the request to /oauth/authorize and validate that value is returned and matches in the redirect request. This is important to prevent CSRF attacks, state really should have been a requirement in the standard!

3. Requesting the access token

Once you have the authorization code you can request an access_token using the code, to do that you can use any HTTP client. In the following example, we are using Ruby's rest-client:

parameters = 'client_id=APP_ID&client_secret=APP_SECRET&code=RETURNED_CODE&grant_type=authorization_code&redirect_uri=REDIRECT_URI'
RestClient.post 'http://gitlab.example.com/oauth/token', parameters

# The response will be
{
 "access_token": "de6780bc506a0446309bd9362820ba8aed28aa506c71eedbe1c5c4f9dd350e54",
 "token_type": "bearer",
 "expires_in": 7200,
 "refresh_token": "8257e65c97202ed1726cf9571600918f3bffb2544b26e00a61df9897668c33a1"
}

Note: The redirect_uri must match the redirect_uri used in the original authorization request.

You can now make requests to the API with the access token returned.

Use the access token to access the API

The access token allows you to make requests to the API on a behalf of a user.

GET https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/user?access_token=OAUTH-TOKEN

Or you can put the token to the Authorization header:

curl --header "Authorization: Bearer OAUTH-TOKEN" https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/user

Resource Owner Password Credentials

Deprecation Notice

  1. Starting in GitLab 8.11, the Resource Owner Password Credentials has been disabled for users with two-factor authentication turned on.
  2. These users can access the API using personal access tokens instead.

In this flow, a token is requested in exchange for the resource owner credentials (username and password). The credentials should only be used when there is a high degree of trust between the resource owner and the client (e.g. the client is part of the device operating system or a highly privileged application), and when other authorization grant types are not available (such as an authorization code).

Important: Never store the users credentials and only use this grant type when your client is deployed to a trusted environment, in 99% of cases personal access tokens are a better choice.

Even though this grant type requires direct client access to the resource owner credentials, the resource owner credentials are used for a single request and are exchanged for an access token. This grant type can eliminate the need for the client to store the resource owner credentials for future use, by exchanging the credentials with a long-lived access token or refresh token. You can do POST request to /oauth/token with parameters:

{
  "grant_type"    : "password",
  "username"      : "user@example.com",
  "password"      : "secret"
}

Then, you'll receive the access token back in the response:

{
  "access_token": "1f0af717251950dbd4d73154fdf0a474a5c5119adad999683f5b450c460726aa",
  "token_type": "bearer",
  "expires_in": 7200
}

For testing you can use the oauth2 ruby gem:

client = OAuth2::Client.new('the_client_id', 'the_client_secret', :site => "http://example.com")
access_token = client.password.get_token('user@example.com', 'secret')
puts access_token.token