Deployments API

List project deployments

Get a list of deployments in a project.

GET /projects/:id/deployments
AttributeTypeRequiredDescription
idinteger/stringyesThe ID or URL-encoded path of the project owned by the authenticated user.
order_bystringnoReturn deployments ordered by either one of id, iid, created_at, updated_at or ref fields. Default is id.
sortstringnoReturn deployments sorted in asc or desc order. Default is asc.
updated_afterdatetimenoReturn deployments updated after the specified date. Expected in ISO 8601 format (2019-03-15T08:00:00Z).
updated_beforedatetimenoReturn deployments updated before the specified date. Expected in ISO 8601 format (2019-03-15T08:00:00Z).
environmentstringnoThe name of the environment to filter deployments by.
statusstringnoThe status to filter deployments by. One of created, running, success, failed, canceled, blocked.
curl --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments"

Example response:

[
  {
    "created_at": "2016-08-11T07:36:40.222Z",
    "updated_at": "2016-08-11T07:38:12.414Z",
    "status": "created",
    "deployable": {
      "commit": {
        "author_email": "admin@example.com",
        "author_name": "Administrator",
        "created_at": "2016-08-11T09:36:01.000+02:00",
        "id": "99d03678b90d914dbb1b109132516d71a4a03ea8",
        "message": "Merge branch 'new-title' into 'main'\r\n\r\nUpdate README\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nSee merge request !1",
        "short_id": "99d03678",
        "title": "Merge branch 'new-title' into 'main'\r"
      },
      "coverage": null,
      "created_at": "2016-08-11T07:36:27.357Z",
      "finished_at": "2016-08-11T07:36:39.851Z",
      "id": 657,
      "name": "deploy",
      "ref": "main",
      "runner": null,
      "stage": "deploy",
      "started_at": null,
      "status": "success",
      "tag": false,
      "project": {
        "ci_job_token_scope_enabled": false
      },
      "user": {
        "id": 1,
        "name": "Administrator",
        "username": "root",
        "state": "active",
        "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
        "web_url": "http://gitlab.dev/root",
        "created_at": "2015-12-21T13:14:24.077Z",
        "bio": null,
        "location": null,
        "public_email": "",
        "skype": "",
        "linkedin": "",
        "twitter": "",
        "website_url": "",
        "organization": ""
      },
      "pipeline": {
        "created_at": "2016-08-11T02:12:10.222Z",
        "id": 36,
        "ref": "main",
        "sha": "99d03678b90d914dbb1b109132516d71a4a03ea8",
        "status": "success",
        "updated_at": "2016-08-11T02:12:10.222Z",
        "web_url": "http://gitlab.dev/root/project/pipelines/12"
      }
    },
    "environment": {
      "external_url": "https://about.gitlab.com",
      "id": 9,
      "name": "production"
    },
    "id": 41,
    "iid": 1,
    "ref": "main",
    "sha": "99d03678b90d914dbb1b109132516d71a4a03ea8",
    "user": {
      "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
      "id": 1,
      "name": "Administrator",
      "state": "active",
      "username": "root",
      "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/root"
    }
  },
  {
    "created_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:35.444Z",
    "updated_at": "2016-08-11T11:34:01.123Z",
    "status": "created",
    "deployable": {
      "commit": {
        "author_email": "admin@example.com",
        "author_name": "Administrator",
        "created_at": "2016-08-11T13:28:26.000+02:00",
        "id": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
        "message": "Merge branch 'rename-readme' into 'main'\r\n\r\nRename README\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nSee merge request !2",
        "short_id": "a91957a8",
        "title": "Merge branch 'rename-readme' into 'main'\r"
      },
      "coverage": null,
      "created_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:24.456Z",
      "finished_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:35.145Z",
      "id": 664,
      "name": "deploy",
      "ref": "main",
      "runner": null,
      "stage": "deploy",
      "started_at": null,
      "status": "success",
      "tag": false,
      "project": {
        "ci_job_token_scope_enabled": false
      },  
      "user": {
        "id": 1,
        "name": "Administrator",
        "username": "root",
        "state": "active",
        "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
        "web_url": "http://gitlab.dev/root",
        "created_at": "2015-12-21T13:14:24.077Z",
        "bio": null,
        "location": null,
        "public_email": "",
        "skype": "",
        "linkedin": "",
        "twitter": "",
        "website_url": "",
        "organization": ""
      },
      "pipeline": {
        "created_at": "2016-08-11T07:43:52.143Z",
        "id": 37,
        "ref": "main",
        "sha": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
        "status": "success",
        "updated_at": "2016-08-11T07:43:52.143Z",
        "web_url": "http://gitlab.dev/root/project/pipelines/13"
      }
    },
    "environment": {
      "external_url": "https://about.gitlab.com",
      "id": 9,
      "name": "production"
    },
    "id": 42,
    "iid": 2,
    "ref": "main",
    "sha": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
    "user": {
      "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
      "id": 1,
      "name": "Administrator",
      "state": "active",
      "username": "root",
      "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/root"
    }
  }
]

Get a specific deployment

GET /projects/:id/deployments/:deployment_id
AttributeTypeRequiredDescription
idinteger/stringyesThe ID or URL-encoded path of the project owned by the authenticated user
deployment_idintegeryesThe ID of the deployment
curl --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments/1"

Example response:

{
  "id": 42,
  "iid": 2,
  "ref": "main",
  "sha": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
  "created_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:35.444Z",
  "updated_at": "2016-08-11T11:34:01.123Z",
  "status": "success",
  "user": {
    "name": "Administrator",
    "username": "root",
    "id": 1,
    "state": "active",
    "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
    "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/root"
  },
  "environment": {
    "id": 9,
    "name": "production",
    "external_url": "https://about.gitlab.com"
  },
  "deployable": {
    "id": 664,
    "status": "success",
    "stage": "deploy",
    "name": "deploy",
    "ref": "main",
    "tag": false,
    "coverage": null,
    "created_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:24.456Z",
    "started_at": null,
    "finished_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:35.145Z",
    "project": {
      "ci_job_token_scope_enabled": false
    },
    "user": {
      "id": 1,
      "name": "Administrator",
      "username": "root",
      "state": "active",
      "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
      "web_url": "http://gitlab.dev/root",
      "created_at": "2015-12-21T13:14:24.077Z",
      "bio": null,
      "location": null,
      "skype": "",
      "linkedin": "",
      "twitter": "",
      "website_url": "",
      "organization": ""
    },
    "commit": {
      "id": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
      "short_id": "a91957a8",
      "title": "Merge branch 'rename-readme' into 'main'\r",
      "author_name": "Administrator",
      "author_email": "admin@example.com",
      "created_at": "2016-08-11T13:28:26.000+02:00",
      "message": "Merge branch 'rename-readme' into 'main'\r\n\r\nRename README\r\n\r\n\r\n\r\nSee merge request !2"
    },
    "pipeline": {
      "created_at": "2016-08-11T07:43:52.143Z",
      "id": 42,
      "ref": "main",
      "sha": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
      "status": "success",
      "updated_at": "2016-08-11T07:43:52.143Z",
      "web_url": "http://gitlab.dev/root/project/pipelines/5"
    },
    "runner": null
  }
}

When the unified approval setting is configured, deployments created by users on GitLab Premium or higher include the approvals and pending_approval_count properties:

{
  "status": "created",
  "pending_approval_count": 0,
  "approvals": [
    {
      "user": {
        "id": 49,
        "username": "project_6_bot",
        "name": "****",
        "state": "active",
        "avatar_url": "https://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e83ac685f68ea07553ad3054c738c709?s=80&d=identicon",
        "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/project_6_bot"
      },
      "status": "approved",
      "created_at": "2022-02-24T20:22:30.097Z",
      "comment": "Looks good to me"
    }
  ],
  ...
}

When the multiple approval rules is configured, deployments created by users on GitLab Premium or higher include the approval_summary property:

{
  "approval_summary": {
    "rules": [
      {
        "user_id": null,
        "group_id": 134,
        "access_level": null,
        "access_level_description": "qa-group",
        "required_approvals": 1,
        "deployment_approvals": []
      },
      {
        "user_id": null,
        "group_id": 135,
        "access_level": null,
        "access_level_description": "security-group",
        "required_approvals": 2,
        "deployment_approvals": [
          {
            "user": {
              "id": 100,
              "username": "security-user-1",
              "name": "security user-1",
              "state": "active",
              "avatar_url": "https://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e130fcd3a1681f41a3de69d10841afa9?s=80&d=identicon",
              "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/security-user-1"
            },
            "status": "approved",
            "created_at": "2022-04-11T03:37:03.058Z",
            "comment": null
          }
        ]
      }
    ]
  }
  ...
}

Create a deployment

POST /projects/:id/deployments
AttributeTypeRequiredDescription
idinteger/stringyesThe ID or URL-encoded path of the project owned by the authenticated user.
environmentstringyesThe name of the environment to create the deployment for.
shastringyesThe SHA of the commit that is deployed.
refstringyesThe name of the branch or tag that is deployed.
tagbooleanyesA boolean that indicates if the deployed ref is a tag (true) or not (false).
statusstringyesThe status to filter deployments by. One of running, success, failed, or canceled.
curl --data "environment=production&sha=a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a&ref=main&tag=false&status=success" \
     --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments"

Example response:

{
  "id": 42,
  "iid": 2,
  "ref": "main",
  "sha": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
  "created_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:35.444Z",
  "status": "success",
  "user": {
    "name": "Administrator",
    "username": "root",
    "id": 1,
    "state": "active",
    "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
    "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/root"
  },
  "environment": {
    "id": 9,
    "name": "production",
    "external_url": "https://about.gitlab.com"
  },
  "deployable": null
}

Deployments created by users on GitLab Premium or higher include the approvals and pending_approval_count properties:

{
  "status": "created",
  "pending_approval_count": 0,
  "approvals": [],
  ...
}

Update a deployment

PUT /projects/:id/deployments/:deployment_id
AttributeTypeRequiredDescription
idinteger/stringyesThe ID or URL-encoded path of the project owned by the authenticated user.
deployment_idintegeryesThe ID of the deployment to update.
statusstringyesThe new status of the deployment. One of running, success, failed, or canceled.
curl --request PUT --data "status=success" --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments/42"

Example response:

{
  "id": 42,
  "iid": 2,
  "ref": "main",
  "sha": "a91957a858320c0e17f3a0eca7cfacbff50ea29a",
  "created_at": "2016-08-11T11:32:35.444Z",
  "status": "success",
  "user": {
    "name": "Administrator",
    "username": "root",
    "id": 1,
    "state": "active",
    "avatar_url": "http://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e64c7d89f26bd1972efa854d13d7dd61?s=80&d=identicon",
    "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/root"
  },
  "environment": {
    "id": 9,
    "name": "production",
    "external_url": "https://about.gitlab.com"
  },
  "deployable": null
}

Deployments created by users on GitLab Premium or higher include the approvals and pending_approval_count properties:

{
  "status": "created",
  "pending_approval_count": 0,
  "approvals": [
    {
      "user": {
        "id": 49,
        "username": "project_6_bot",
        "name": "****",
        "state": "active",
        "avatar_url": "https://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e83ac685f68ea07553ad3054c738c709?s=80&d=identicon",
        "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/project_6_bot"
      },
      "status": "approved",
      "created_at": "2022-02-24T20:22:30.097Z",
      "comment": "Looks good to me"
    }
  ],
  ...
}

Delete a specific deployment

Delete a specific deployment that is not currently the last deployment for an environment or in a running state

DELETE /projects/:id/deployments/:deployment_id
AttributeTypeRequiredDescription
idinteger/stringyesThe ID or URL-encoded path of the project owned by the authenticated user
deployment_idintegeryesThe ID of the deployment
curl --request "DELETE" --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments/1"

Example responses:

{ "message": "202 Accepted" }
{ "message": "400 Cannot destroy running deployment" }
{ "message": "400 Deployment currently deployed to environment" }

List of merge requests associated with a deployment

Introduced in GitLab 12.7.

note
Not all deployments can be associated with merge requests. Please see Track what merge requests were deployed to an environment for more information.

This API retrieves the list of merge requests shipped with a given deployment:

GET /projects/:id/deployments/:deployment_id/merge_requests

It supports the same parameters as the Merge Requests API and returns a response using the same format:

curl --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments/42/merge_requests"

Approve or reject a blocked deployment

Version history

See Deployment Approvals for more information about this feature.

POST /projects/:id/deployments/:deployment_id/approval
AttributeTypeRequiredDescription
idinteger/stringyesThe ID or URL-encoded path of the project owned by the authenticated user.
deployment_idintegeryesThe ID of the deployment.
statusstringyesThe status of the approval (either approved or rejected).
commentstringnoA comment to go with the approval
represented_asstringnoThe name of the User/Group/Role to use for the approval, when the user belongs to multiple approval rules.
curl --data "status=approved&comment=Looks good to me&represented_as=security" \
     --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/1/deployments/1/approval"

Example response:

{
  "user": {
    "id": 100,
    "username": "security-user-1",
    "name": "security user-1",
    "state": "active",
    "avatar_url": "https://www.gravatar.com/avatar/e130fcd3a1681f41a3de69d10841afa9?s=80&d=identicon",
    "web_url": "http://localhost:3000/security-user-1"
  },
  "status": "approved",
  "created_at": "2022-02-24T20:22:30.097Z",
  "comment":"Looks good to me"
}