API Docs

Automate GitLab via a simple and powerful API.

The main GitLab API is a REST API. Therefore, documentation in this section assumes knowledge of REST concepts.

Available API resources

For a list of the available resources and their endpoints, see API resources.

SCIM

GitLab.com Silver and above provides an SCIM API that implements the RFC7644 protocol and provides the /Users endpoint. The base URL is: /api/scim/v2/groups/:group_path/Users/.

Road to GraphQL

GraphQL is available in GitLab, which will allow deprecation of controller-specific endpoints.

GraphQL has a number of benefits:

  1. We avoid having to maintain two different APIs.
  2. Callers of the API can request only what they need.
  3. It is versioned by default.

It will co-exist with the current v4 REST API. If we have a v5 API, this should be a compatibility layer on top of GraphQL.

Although there were some patenting and licensing concerns with GraphQL, these have been resolved to our satisfaction by the relicensing of the reference implementations under MIT, and the use of the OWF license for the GraphQL specification.

Compatibility guidelines

The HTTP API is versioned using a single number, the current one being 4. This number symbolizes the same as the major version number as described by SemVer. This mean that backward incompatible changes will require this version number to change. However, the minor version is not explicit. This allows for a stable API endpoint, but also means new features can be added to the API in the same version number.

New features and bug fixes are released in tandem with a new GitLab, and apart from incidental patch and security releases, are released on the 22nd of each month. Backward incompatible changes (e.g. endpoints removal, parameters removal etc.), as well as removal of entire API versions are done in tandem with a major point release of GitLab itself. All deprecations and changes between two versions should be listed in the documentation. For the changes between v3 and v4; please read the v3 to v4 documentation

Current status

Currently only API version v4 is available. Version v3 was removed in GitLab 11.0.

Basic usage

API requests should be prefixed with api and the API version. The API version is defined in lib/api.rb. For example, the root of the v4 API is at /api/v4.

Example of a valid API request using cURL:

curl "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects"

The API uses JSON to serialize data. You don’t need to specify .json at the end of an API URL.

Authentication

Most API requests require authentication, or will only return public data when authentication is not provided. For those cases where it is not required, this will be mentioned in the documentation for each individual endpoint. For example, the /projects/:id endpoint.

There are four ways to authenticate with the GitLab API:

  1. OAuth2 tokens
  2. Personal access tokens
  3. Session cookie
  4. GitLab CI job token

For admins who want to authenticate with the API as a specific user, or who want to build applications or scripts that do so, two options are available:

  1. Impersonation tokens
  2. Sudo

If authentication information is invalid or omitted, an error message will be returned with status code 401:

{
  "message": "401 Unauthorized"
}

OAuth2 tokens

You can use an OAuth2 token to authenticate with the API by passing it in either the access_token parameter or the Authorization header.

Example of using the OAuth2 token in a parameter:

curl https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects?access_token=OAUTH-TOKEN

Example of using the OAuth2 token in a header:

curl --header "Authorization: Bearer OAUTH-TOKEN" https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects

Read more about GitLab as an OAuth2 provider.

Personal access tokens

You can use a personal access token to authenticate with the API by passing it in either the private_token parameter or the Private-Token header.

Example of using the personal access token in a parameter:

curl https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects?private_token=<your_access_token>

Example of using the personal access token in a header:

curl --header "Private-Token: <your_access_token>" https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects

You can also use personal access tokens with OAuth-compliant headers:

curl --header "Authorization: Bearer <your_access_token>" https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects

Read more about personal access tokens.

When signing in to the main GitLab application, a _gitlab_session cookie is set. The API will use this cookie for authentication if it is present, but using the API to generate a new session cookie is currently not supported.

The primary user of this authentication method is the web frontend of GitLab itself, which can use the API as the authenticated user to get a list of their projects, for example, without needing to explicitly pass an access token.

GitLab CI job token

With a few API endpoints you can use a GitLab CI job token to authenticate with the API:

Impersonation tokens

Introduced in GitLab 9.0. Needs admin permissions.

Impersonation tokens are a type of personal access token that can only be created by an admin for a specific user. They are a great fit if you want to build applications or scripts that authenticate with the API as a specific user.

They are an alternative to directly using the user’s password or one of their personal access tokens, and to using the Sudo feature, since the user’s (or admin’s, in the case of Sudo) password/token may not be known or may change over time.

For more information, refer to the users API docs.

Impersonation tokens are used exactly like regular personal access tokens, and can be passed in either the private_token parameter or the Private-Token header.

Disable impersonation

Introduced in GitLab 11.6.

By default, impersonation is enabled. To disable impersonation:

For Omnibus installations

  1. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    gitlab_rails['impersonation_enabled'] = false
    
  2. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.

To re-enable impersonation, remove this configuration and reconfigure GitLab.

For installations from source

  1. Edit config/gitlab.yml:

    gitlab:
      impersonation_enabled: false
    
  2. Save the file and restart GitLab for the changes to take effect.

To re-enable impersonation, remove this configuration and restart GitLab.

Sudo

Note: Only available to administrators.

All API requests support performing an API call as if you were another user, provided you are authenticated as an administrator with an OAuth or Personal Access Token that has the sudo scope.

You need to pass the sudo parameter either via query string or a header with an ID/username of the user you want to perform the operation as. If passed as a header, the header name must be Sudo.

Note: Usernames are case insensitive.

If a non administrative access token is provided, an error message will be returned with status code 403:

{
  "message": "403 Forbidden - Must be admin to use sudo"
}

If an access token without the sudo scope is provided, an error message will be returned with status code 403:

{
  "error": "insufficient_scope",
  "error_description": "The request requires higher privileges than provided by the access token.",
  "scope": "sudo"
}

If the sudo user ID or username cannot be found, an error message will be returned with status code 404:

{
  "message": "404 User with ID or username '123' Not Found"
}

Example of a valid API call and a request using cURL with sudo request, providing a username:

GET /projects?private_token=<your_access_token>&sudo=username
curl --header "Private-Token: <your_access_token>" --header "Sudo: username" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects"

Example of a valid API call and a request using cURL with sudo request, providing an ID:

GET /projects?private_token=<your_access_token>&sudo=23
curl --header "Private-Token: <your_access_token>" --header "Sudo: 23" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects"

Status codes

The API is designed to return different status codes according to context and action. This way, if a request results in an error, the caller is able to get insight into what went wrong.

The following table gives an overview of how the API functions generally behave.

Request typeDescription
GETAccess one or more resources and return the result as JSON.
POSTReturn 201 Created if the resource is successfully created and return the newly created resource as JSON.
GET / PUTReturn 200 OK if the resource is accessed or modified successfully. The (modified) result is returned as JSON.
DELETEReturns 204 No Content if the resource was deleted successfully.

The following table shows the possible return codes for API requests.

Return valuesDescription
200 OKThe GET, PUT or DELETE request was successful, the resource(s) itself is returned as JSON.
204 No ContentThe server has successfully fulfilled the request and that there is no additional content to send in the response payload body.
201 CreatedThe POST request was successful and the resource is returned as JSON.
304 Not ModifiedIndicates that the resource has not been modified since the last request.
400 Bad RequestA required attribute of the API request is missing, e.g., the title of an issue is not given.
401 UnauthorizedThe user is not authenticated, a valid user token is necessary.
403 ForbiddenThe request is not allowed, e.g., the user is not allowed to delete a project.
404 Not FoundA resource could not be accessed, e.g., an ID for a resource could not be found.
405 Method Not AllowedThe request is not supported.
409 ConflictA conflicting resource already exists, e.g., creating a project with a name that already exists.
412Indicates the request was denied. May happen if the If-Unmodified-Since header is provided when trying to delete a resource, which was modified in between.
422 UnprocessableThe entity could not be processed.
500 Server ErrorWhile handling the request something went wrong server-side.

Pagination

We support two kinds of pagination methods:

  • Offset-based pagination. This is the default method and available on all endpoints.
  • Keyset-based pagination. Added to selected endpoints but being progressively rolled out.

For large collections, we recommend keyset pagination (when available) over offset pagination for performance reasons.

Offset-based pagination

Sometimes the returned result will span across many pages. When listing resources you can pass the following parameters:

ParameterDescription
pagePage number (default: 1)
per_pageNumber of items to list per page (default: 20, max: 100)

In the example below, we list 50 namespaces per page.

curl --request PUT --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/namespaces?per_page=50"

Link headers are sent back with each response. They have rel set to prev/next/first/last and contain the relevant URL. Please use these links instead of generating your own URLs.

In the cURL example below, we limit the output to 3 items per page (per_page=3) and we request the second page (page=2) of comments of the issue with ID 8 which belongs to the project with ID 8:

curl --head --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/8/issues/8/notes?per_page=3&page=2

The response will then be:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Cache-Control: no-cache
Content-Length: 1103
Content-Type: application/json
Date: Mon, 18 Jan 2016 09:43:18 GMT
Link: <https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/8/issues/8/notes?page=1&per_page=3>; rel="prev", <https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/8/issues/8/notes?page=3&per_page=3>; rel="next", <https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/8/issues/8/notes?page=1&per_page=3>; rel="first", <https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/8/issues/8/notes?page=3&per_page=3>; rel="last"
Status: 200 OK
Vary: Origin
X-Next-Page: 3
X-Page: 2
X-Per-Page: 3
X-Prev-Page: 1
X-Request-Id: 732ad4ee-9870-4866-a199-a9db0cde3c86
X-Runtime: 0.108688
X-Total: 8
X-Total-Pages: 3

Other pagination headers

Additional pagination headers are also sent back.

HeaderDescription
X-TotalThe total number of items
X-Total-PagesThe total number of pages
X-Per-PageThe number of items per page
X-PageThe index of the current page (starting at 1)
X-Next-PageThe index of the next page
X-Prev-PageThe index of the previous page
Caution: For performance reasons since GitLab 11.8 and behind the api_kaminari_count_with_limit feature flag, if the number of resources is more than 10,000, the X-Total and X-Total-Pages headers as well as the rel="last" Link are not present in the response headers.

Keyset-based pagination

Keyset-pagination allows for more efficient retrieval of pages and - in contrast to offset-based pagination - runtime is independent of the size of the collection.

This method is controlled by the following parameters:

ParameterDescription
paginationkeyset (to enable keyset pagination)
per_pageNumber of items to list per page (default: 20, max: 100)

In the example below, we list 50 projects per page, ordered by id ascending.

curl --request PUT --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" "https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects?pagination=keyset&per_page=50&order_by=id&sort=asc"

The response header includes a link to the next page. For example:

HTTP/1.1 200 OK
...
Link: <https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects?pagination=keyset&per_page=50&order_by=id&sort=asc&id_after=42>; rel="next"
Status: 200 OK
...

The link to the next page contains an additional filter id_after=42 which excludes records we have retrieved already. Note the type of filter depends on the order_by option used and we may have more than one additional filter.

The Link header is absent when the end of the collection has been reached and there are no additional records to retrieve.

We recommend using only the given link to retrieve the next page instead of building your own URL. Apart from the headers shown, we don’t expose additional pagination headers.

Keyset-based pagination is only supported for selected resources and ordering options:

ResourceOrder
Projectsorder_by=id only

Namespaced path encoding

If using namespaced API calls, make sure that the NAMESPACE/PROJECT_PATH is URL-encoded.

For example, / is represented by %2F:

GET /api/v4/projects/diaspora%2Fdiaspora
Note: A project’s path is not necessarily the same as its name. A project’s path can be found in the project’s URL or in the project’s settings under General > Advanced > Change path.

Branches and tags name encoding

If your branch or tag contains a /, make sure the branch/tag name is URL-encoded.

For example, / is represented by %2F:

GET /api/v4/projects/1/branches/my%2Fbranch/commits

Encoding API parameters of array and hash types

We can call the API with array and hash types parameters as shown below:

array

import_sources is a parameter of type array:

curl --request POST --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" \
-d "import_sources[]=github" \
-d "import_sources[]=bitbucket" \
https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/some_endpoint

hash

override_params is a parameter of type hash:

curl --request POST --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" \
--form "namespace=email" \
--form "path=impapi" \
--form "file=@/path/to/somefile.txt"
--form "override_params[visibility]=private" \
--form "override_params[some_other_param]=some_value" \
https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/import

Array of hashes

variables is a parameter of type array containing hash key/value pairs [{ 'key' => 'UPLOAD_TO_S3', 'value' => 'true' }]:

curl --globoff --request POST --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: ********************" \
"https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/169/pipeline?ref=master&variables[][key]=VAR1&variables[][value]=hello&variables[][key]=VAR2&variables[][value]=world"

curl --request POST --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: ********************" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--data '{ "ref": "master", "variables": [ {"key": "VAR1", "value": "hello"}, {"key": "VAR2", "value": "world"} ] }' \
"https://gitlab.example.com/api/v4/projects/169/pipeline"

id vs iid

Some resources have two similarly-named fields. For example, issues, merge requests, and project milestones. The fields are:

  • id: ID that is unique across all projects.
  • iid: additional, internal ID that is unique in the scope of a single project.
Note: The iid is displayed in the web UI.

If a resource has the iid field and the id field, the iid field is usually used instead of id to fetch the resource.

For example, suppose a project with id: 42 has an issue with id: 46 and iid: 5. In this case:

  • A valid API call to retrieve the issue is GET /projects/42/issues/5
  • An invalid API call to retrieve the issue is GET /projects/42/issues/46.
Note: Not all resources with the iid field are fetched by iid. For guidance on which field to use, see the documentation for the specific resource.

Data validation and error reporting

When working with the API you may encounter validation errors, in which case the API will answer with an HTTP 400 status.

Such errors appear in two cases:

  • A required attribute of the API request is missing, e.g., the title of an issue is not given
  • An attribute did not pass the validation, e.g., user bio is too long

When an attribute is missing, you will get something like:

HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Content-Type: application/json
{
    "message":"400 (Bad request) \"title\" not given"
}

When a validation error occurs, error messages will be different. They will hold all details of validation errors:

HTTP/1.1 400 Bad Request
Content-Type: application/json
{
    "message": {
        "bio": [
            "is too long (maximum is 255 characters)"
        ]
    }
}

This makes error messages more machine-readable. The format can be described as follows:

{
    "message": {
        "<property-name>": [
            "<error-message>",
            "<error-message>",
            ...
        ],
        "<embed-entity>": {
            "<property-name>": [
                "<error-message>",
                "<error-message>",
                ...
            ],
        }
    }
}

Unknown route

When you try to access an API URL that does not exist you will receive 404 Not Found.

HTTP/1.1 404 Not Found
Content-Type: application/json
{
    "error": "404 Not Found"
}

Encoding + in ISO 8601 dates

If you need to include a + in a query parameter, you may need to use %2B instead due to a W3 recommendation that causes a + to be interpreted as a space. For example, in an ISO 8601 date, you may want to pass a time in Mountain Standard Time, such as:

2017-10-17T23:11:13.000+05:30

The correct encoding for the query parameter would be:

2017-10-17T23:11:13.000%2B05:30

Clients

There are many unofficial GitLab API Clients for most of the popular programming languages. Visit the GitLab website for a complete list.

Rate limits

For administrator documentation on rate limit settings, see Rate limits. To find the settings that are specifically used by GitLab.com, see GitLab.com-specific rate limits.