Pseudonymizer

Introduced in GitLab Ultimate 11.1.

As GitLab's database hosts sensitive information, using it unfiltered for analytics implies high security requirements. To help alleviate this constraint, the Pseudonymizer service is used to export GitLab's data in a pseudonymized way.

Warning: This process is not impervious. If the source data is available, it's possible for a user to correlate data to the pseudonymized version.

The Pseudonymizer currently uses HMAC(SHA256) to mutate fields that shouldn't be textually exported. This ensures that:

  • the end-user of the data source cannot infer/revert the pseudonymized fields
  • the referential integrity is maintained

Configuration

To configure the pseudonymizer, you need to:

  • Provide a manifest file that describes which fields should be included or pseudonymized (example manifest.yml file). A default manifest is provided with the GitLab installation. Using a relative file path will be resolved from the Rails root. Alternatively, you can use an absolute file path.
  • Use an object storage and specify the connection parameters in the pseudonymizer.upload.connection configuration option.

For Omnibus installations:

  1. Edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and add the following lines by replacing with the values you want:

    gitlab_rails['pseudonymizer_manifest'] = 'config/pseudonymizer.yml'
    gitlab_rails['pseudonymizer_upload_remote_directory'] = 'gitlab-elt' # bucket name
    gitlab_rails['pseudonymizer_upload_connection'] = {
      'provider' => 'AWS',
      'region' => 'eu-central-1',
      'aws_access_key_id' => 'AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID',
      'aws_secret_access_key' => 'AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY'
    }
    
    Note: If you are using AWS IAM profiles, be sure to omit the AWS access key and secret access key/value pairs.
    gitlab_rails['pseudonymizer_upload_connection'] = {
      'provider' => 'AWS',
      'region' => 'eu-central-1',
      'use_iam_profile' => true
    }
    
  2. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab for the changes to take effect.


For installations from source:

  1. Edit /home/git/gitlab/config/gitlab.yml and add or amend the following lines:

    pseudonymizer:
      manifest: config/pseudonymizer.yml
      upload:
        remote_directory: 'gitlab-elt' # bucket name
        connection:
          provider: AWS
          aws_access_key_id: AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID
          aws_secret_access_key: AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY
          region: eu-central-1
    
  2. Save the file and restart GitLab for the changes to take effect.

Usage

You can optionally run the pseudonymizer using the following environment variables:

  • PSEUDONYMIZER_OUTPUT_DIR - where to store the output CSV files (defaults to /tmp)
  • PSEUDONYMIZER_BATCH - the batch size when querying the DB (defaults to 100000)
## Omnibus
sudo gitlab-rake gitlab:db:pseudonymizer

## Source
sudo -u git -H bundle exec rake gitlab:db:pseudonymizer RAILS_ENV=production

This will produce some CSV files that might be very large, so make sure the PSEUDONYMIZER_OUTPUT_DIR has sufficient space. As a rule of thumb, at least 10% of the database size is recommended.

After the pseudonymizer has run, the output CSV files should be uploaded to the configured object storage and deleted from the local disk.