Configuring GitLab for Scaling and High Availability

Note: There is some additional configuration near the bottom for additional GitLab application servers. It’s important to read and understand these additional steps before proceeding with GitLab installation.

  1. If necessary, install the NFS client utility packages using the following commands:

    # Ubuntu/Debian
    apt-get install nfs-common
    
    # CentOS/Red Hat
    yum install nfs-utils nfs-utils-lib
    
  2. Specify the necessary NFS shares. Mounts are specified in /etc/fstab. The exact contents of /etc/fstab will depend on how you chose to configure your NFS server. See NFS documentation for the various options. Here is an example snippet to add to /etc/fstab:

    10.1.0.1:/var/opt/gitlab/.ssh /var/opt/gitlab/.ssh nfs4 defaults,soft,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,noatime,nofail,lookupcache=positive 0 2
    10.1.0.1:/var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/uploads /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/uploads nfs4 defaults,soft,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,noatime,nofail,lookupcache=positive 0 2
    10.1.0.1:/var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/shared /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/shared nfs4 defaults,soft,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,noatime,nofail,lookupcache=positive 0 2
    10.1.0.1:/var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-ci/builds /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-ci/builds nfs4 defaults,soft,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,noatime,nofail,lookupcache=positive 0 2
    10.1.0.1:/var/opt/gitlab/git-data /var/opt/gitlab/git-data nfs4 defaults,soft,rsize=1048576,wsize=1048576,noatime,nofail,lookupcache=positive 0 2
    
  3. Create the shared directories. These may be different depending on your NFS mount locations.

    mkdir -p /var/opt/gitlab/.ssh /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/uploads /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-rails/shared /var/opt/gitlab/gitlab-ci/builds /var/opt/gitlab/git-data
    
  4. Download/install GitLab Omnibus using steps 1 and 2 from GitLab downloads. Do not complete other steps on the download page.
  5. Create/edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and use the following configuration. Be sure to change the external_url to match your eventual GitLab front-end URL. Depending your the NFS configuration, you may need to change some GitLab data locations. See NFS documentation for /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb configuration values for various scenarios. The example below assumes you’ve added NFS mounts in the default data locations. Additionally the UID and GIDs given are just examples and you should configure with your preferred values.

    external_url 'https://gitlab.example.com'
    
    # Prevent GitLab from starting if NFS data mounts are not available
    high_availability['mountpoint'] = '/var/opt/gitlab/git-data'
    
    # Disable components that will not be on the GitLab application server
    roles ['application_role']
    nginx['enable'] = true
    
    # PostgreSQL connection details
    gitlab_rails['db_adapter'] = 'postgresql'
    gitlab_rails['db_encoding'] = 'unicode'
    gitlab_rails['db_host'] = '10.1.0.5' # IP/hostname of database server
    gitlab_rails['db_password'] = 'DB password'
    
    # Redis connection details
    gitlab_rails['redis_port'] = '6379'
    gitlab_rails['redis_host'] = '10.1.0.6' # IP/hostname of Redis server
    gitlab_rails['redis_password'] = 'Redis Password'
    
    # Ensure UIDs and GIDs match between servers for permissions via NFS
    user['uid'] = 9000
    user['gid'] = 9000
    web_server['uid'] = 9001
    web_server['gid'] = 9001
    registry['uid'] = 9002
    registry['gid'] = 9002
    
  6. Enable monitoring

    Note: To maintain uniformity of links across HA clusters, the external_url on the first application server as well as the additional application servers should point to the external url that users will use to access GitLab. In a typical HA setup, this will be the url of the load balancer which will route traffic to all GitLab application servers in the HA cluster.

    Note: When you specify https in the external_url, as in the example above, GitLab assumes you have SSL certificates in /etc/gitlab/ssl/. If certificates are not present, Nginx will fail to start. See Nginx documentation for more information.

    Note: It is best to set the uid and gids prior to the initial reconfigure of GitLab. Omnibus will not recursively chown directories if set after the initial reconfigure.

First GitLab application server

As a final step, run the setup rake task only on the first GitLab application server. Do not run this on additional application servers.

  1. Initialize the database by running sudo gitlab-rake gitlab:setup.
  2. Run sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure to compile the configuration.

WARNING: Only run this setup task on NEW GitLab instances because it will wipe any existing data.

Extra configuration for additional GitLab application servers

Additional GitLab servers (servers configured after the first GitLab server) need some extra configuration.

  1. Configure shared secrets. These values can be obtained from the primary GitLab server in /etc/gitlab/gitlab-secrets.json. Copy this file to the secondary servers prior to running the first reconfigure in the steps above.

    gitlab_shell['secret_token'] = 'fbfb19c355066a9afb030992231c4a363357f77345edd0f2e772359e5be59b02538e1fa6cae8f93f7d23355341cea2b93600dab6d6c3edcdced558fc6d739860'
    gitlab_rails['otp_key_base'] = 'b719fe119132c7810908bba18315259ed12888d4f5ee5430c42a776d840a396799b0a5ef0a801348c8a357f07aa72bbd58e25a84b8f247a25c72f539c7a6c5fa'
    gitlab_rails['secret_key_base'] = '6e657410d57c71b4fc3ed0d694e7842b1895a8b401d812c17fe61caf95b48a6d703cb53c112bc01ebd197a85da81b18e29682040e99b4f26594772a4a2c98c6d'
    gitlab_rails['db_key_base'] = 'bf2e47b68d6cafaef1d767e628b619365becf27571e10f196f98dc85e7771042b9203199d39aff91fcb6837c8ed83f2a912b278da50999bb11a2fbc0fba52964'
    
  2. Run touch /etc/gitlab/skip-auto-reconfigure to prevent database migrations from running on upgrade. Only the primary GitLab application server should handle migrations.

  3. Recommended Configure host keys. Copy the contents (primary and public keys) of /etc/ssh/ on the primary application server to /etc/ssh on all secondary servers. This prevents false man-in-the-middle-attack alerts when accessing servers in your High Availability cluster behind a load balancer.

  4. Run sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure to compile the configuration.

Enable Monitoring

Introduced in GitLab 12.0.

If you enable Monitoring, it must be enabled on all GitLab servers.

  1. Make sure to collect CONSUL_SERVER_NODES, which are the IP addresses or DNS records of the Consul server nodes, for the next step. Note they are presented as Y.Y.Y.Y consul1.gitlab.example.com Z.Z.Z.Z

  2. Create/edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and add the following configuration:

    # Enable service discovery for Prometheus
    consul['enable'] = true
    consul['monitoring_service_discovery'] =  true
    
    # Replace placeholders
    # Y.Y.Y.Y consul1.gitlab.example.com Z.Z.Z.Z
    # with the addresses of the Consul server nodes
    consul['configuration'] = {
       retry_join: %w(Y.Y.Y.Y consul1.gitlab.example.com Z.Z.Z.Z),
    }
    
    # Set the network addresses that the exporters will listen on
    node_exporter['listen_address'] = '0.0.0.0:9100'
    gitlab_workhorse['prometheus_listen_addr'] = '0.0.0.0:9229'
    sidekiq['listen_address'] = "0.0.0.0"
    unicorn['listen'] = '0.0.0.0'
    
    # Add the monitoring node's IP address to the monitoring whitelist and allow it to
    # scrape the NGINX metrics. Replace placeholder `monitoring.gitlab.example.com` with
    # the address and/or subnets gathered from the monitoring node(s).
    gitlab_rails['monitoring_whitelist'] = ['monitoring.gitlab.example.com', '127.0.0.0/8']
    nginx['status']['options']['allow'] = ['monitoring.gitlab.example.com', '127.0.0.0/8']
    
  3. Run sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure to compile the configuration.

Warning: After changing unicorn['listen'] in gitlab.rb, and running sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure, it can take an extended period of time for unicorn to complete reloading after receiving a HUP. For more information, see the issue.

Troubleshooting

  • mount: wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on

You have not installed the necessary NFS client utilities. See step 1 above.

  • mount: mount point /var/opt/gitlab/... does not exist

This particular directory does not exist on the NFS server. Ensure the share is exported and exists on the NFS server and try to remount.


Upgrading GitLab HA

GitLab HA installations can be upgraded with no downtime, but the upgrade process must be carefully coordinated to avoid failures. See the Omnibus GitLab multi-node upgrade document for more details.

Read more on high-availability configuration:

  1. Configure the database
  2. Configure Redis
  3. Configure NFS
  4. Configure the load balancers