GitLab.com settings

This page contains information about the settings that are used on GitLab.com.

SSH host keys fingerprints

Below are the fingerprints for GitLab.com’s SSH host keys. The first time you connect to a GitLab.com repository, one of these keys is displayed in the output.

Algorithm MD5 (deprecated) SHA256
DSA (deprecated) 7a:47:81:3a:ee:89:89:64:33:ca:44:52:3d:30:d4:87 p8vZBUOR0XQz6sYiaWSMLmh0t9i8srqYKool/Xfdfqw
ECDSA f1:d0:fb:46:73:7a:70:92:5a:ab:5d:ef:43:e2:1c:35 HbW3g8zUjNSksFbqTiUWPWg2Bq1x8xdGUrliXFzSnUw
ED25519 2e:65:6a:c8:cf:bf:b2:8b:9a:bd:6d:9f:11:5c:12:16 eUXGGm1YGsMAS7vkcx6JOJdOGHPem5gQp4taiCfCLB8
RSA b6:03:0e:39:97:9e:d0:e7:24:ce:a3:77:3e:01:42:09 ROQFvPThGrW4RuWLoL9tq9I9zJ42fK4XywyRtbOz/EQ

SSH known_hosts entries

Add the following to .ssh/known_hosts to skip manual fingerprint confirmation in SSH:

gitlab.com ssh-ed25519 AAAAC3NzaC1lZDI1NTE5AAAAIAfuCHKVTjquxvt6CM6tdG4SLp1Btn/nOeHHE5UOzRdf
gitlab.com ssh-rsa AAAAB3NzaC1yc2EAAAADAQABAAABAQCsj2bNKTBSpIYDEGk9KxsGh3mySTRgMtXL583qmBpzeQ+jqCMRgBqB98u3z++J1sKlXHWfM9dyhSevkMwSbhoR8XIq/U0tCNyokEi/ueaBMCvbcTHhO7FcwzY92WK4Yt0aGROY5qX2UKSeOvuP4D6TPqKF1onrSzH9bx9XUf2lEdWT/ia1NEKjunUqu1xOB/StKDHMoX4/OKyIzuS0q/T1zOATthvasJFoPrAjkohTyaDUz2LN5JoH839hViyEG82yB+MjcFV5MU3N1l1QL3cVUCh93xSaua1N85qivl+siMkPGbO5xR/En4iEY6K2XPASUEMaieWVNTRCtJ4S8H+9
gitlab.com ecdsa-sha2-nistp256 AAAAE2VjZHNhLXNoYTItbmlzdHAyNTYAAAAIbmlzdHAyNTYAAABBBFSMqzJeV9rUzU4kWitGjeR4PWSa29SPqJ1fVkhtj3Hw9xjLVXVYrU9QlYWrOLXBpQ6KWjbjTDTdDkoohFzgbEY=

Mail configuration

GitLab.com sends emails from the mg.gitlab.com domain via Mailgun and has its own dedicated IP address (192.237.158.143).

noteThe IP address for mg.gitlab.com is subject to change at any time.

Backups

See our backup strategy.

There are several ways to perform backups of your content on GitLab.com.

Projects can be backed up in their entirety by exporting them either through the UI or API, the latter of which can be used to programmatically upload exports to a storage platform such as AWS S3.

With exports, be sure to take note of what is and is not, included in a project export.

Since GitLab is built on Git, you can back up just the repository of a project by cloning it to another machine. Similarly, if you need to back up just the wiki of a repository it can also be cloned and all files uploaded to that wiki are included if they were uploaded after 2020-08-22.

Alternative SSH port

GitLab.com can be reached via a different SSH port for git+ssh.

Setting Value
Hostname altssh.gitlab.com
Port 443

An example ~/.ssh/config is the following:

Host gitlab.com
  Hostname altssh.gitlab.com
  User git
  Port 443
  PreferredAuthentications publickey
  IdentityFile ~/.ssh/gitlab

GitLab Pages

Below are the settings for GitLab Pages.

Setting GitLab.com Default
Domain name gitlab.io -
IP address 35.185.44.232 -
Custom domains support yes no
TLS certificates support yes no
Maximum size (compressed) 1G 100M
noteThe maximum size of your Pages site is regulated by the artifacts maximum size which is part of GitLab CI/CD.

GitLab CI/CD

Below are the current settings regarding GitLab CI/CD. Any settings or feature limits not listed here are using the defaults listed in the related documentation.

Setting GitLab.com Default
Artifacts maximum size (compressed) 1G 100M
Artifacts expiry time From June 22, 2020, deleted after 30 days unless otherwise specified (artifacts created before that date have no expiry). deleted after 30 days unless otherwise specified
Scheduled Pipeline Cron */5 * * * * 3-59/10 * * * *
Max jobs in active pipelines 500 for Free tier, unlimited otherwise Unlimited
Max CI/CD subscriptions to a project 2 Unlimited
Max pipeline schedules in projects 10 for Free tier, 50 for all paid tiers Unlimited
Scheduled Job Archival 3 months Never
Max test cases per unit test report 500_000 Unlimited
Max registered runners 50 per-project and per-group for Free tier,
1_000 per-group for all paid tiers / 1_000 per-project for all paid tiers
1_000 per-group / 1_000 per-project

Account and limit settings

GitLab.com has the following account limits enabled. If a setting is not listed, it is set to the default value.

If you are near or over the repository size limit, you can reduce your repository size with Git.

Setting GitLab.com Default
Repository size including LFS 10 GB Unlimited
Maximum import size 5 GB Unlimited (Modified from 50MB to unlimited in GitLab 13.8.
Maximum attachment size 10 MB 10 MB
notegit push and GitLab project imports are limited to 5 GB per request through Cloudflare. Git LFS and imports other than a file upload are not affected by this limit.

IP range

GitLab.com uses the IP ranges 34.74.90.64/28 and 34.74.226.0/24 for traffic from its Web/API fleet. This whole range is solely allocated to GitLab. You can expect connections from webhooks or repository mirroring to come from those IPs and allow them.

GitLab.com is fronted by Cloudflare. For incoming connections to GitLab.com you might need to allow CIDR blocks of Cloudflare (IPv4 and IPv6).

For outgoing connections from CI/CD runners we are not providing static IP addresses. All our runners are deployed into Google Cloud Platform (GCP) - any IP based firewall can be configured by looking up all IP address ranges or CIDR blocks for GCP.

Hostname list

To configure allow-lists in local HTTP(S) proxies, or other web-blocking software that govern end-user machines, pages on GitLab.com will attempt to load content from the following hostnames:

  • gitlab.com
  • *.gitlab.com
  • *.gitlab-static.net
  • *.gitlab.io
  • *.gitlab.net

Documentation and Company pages served over docs.gitlab.com and about.gitlab.com will attempt to also load certain page content directly from common public CDN hostnames.

Webhooks

A limit of:

  • 100 webhooks applies to projects.
  • 50 webhooks applies to groups.
  • Payload is limited to 25MB

Shared runners

GitLab offers Linux and Windows shared runners hosted on GitLab.com for executing your pipelines.

noteShared runners provided by GitLab are not configurable. Consider installing your own runner if you have specific configuration needs.

Linux shared runners

Linux shared runners on GitLab.com run in autoscale mode and are powered by Google Cloud Platform.

Autoscaling means reduced queue times to spin up CI/CD jobs, and isolated VMs for each project, thus maximizing security. These shared runners are available for users and customers on GitLab.com.

GitLab offers Ultimate tier capabilities and included CI/CD minutes per group per month for our Open Source, Education, and Startups programs. For private projects, GitLab offers various plans, starting with a Free tier.

All your CI/CD jobs run on n1-standard-1 instances with 3.75GB of RAM, CoreOS and the latest Docker Engine installed. Instances provide 1 vCPU and 25GB of HDD disk space. The default region of the VMs is US East1. Each instance is used only for one job, this ensures any sensitive data left on the system can’t be accessed by other people their CI jobs.

The gitlab-shared-runners-manager-X.gitlab.com fleet of runners are dedicated for GitLab projects as well as community forks of them. They use a slightly larger machine type (n1-standard-2) and have a bigger SSD disk size. They don’t run untagged jobs and unlike the general fleet of shared runners, the instances are re-used up to 40 times.

Jobs handled by the shared runners on GitLab.com (shared-runners-manager-X.gitlab.com), time out after 3 hours, regardless of the timeout configured in a project. Check the issues 4010 and 4070 for the reference.

Below are the shared runners settings.

Setting GitLab.com Default
GitLab Runner Runner versions dashboard -
Executor docker+machine -
Default Docker image ruby:2.5 -
privileged (run Docker in Docker) true false

Pre-clone script

Linux shared runners on GitLab.com provide a way to run commands in a CI job before the runner attempts to run git init and git fetch to download a GitLab repository. The pre_clone_script can be used for:

  • Seeding the build directory with repository data
  • Sending a request to a server
  • Downloading assets from a CDN
  • Any other commands that must run before the git init

To use this feature, define a CI/CD variable called CI_PRE_CLONE_SCRIPT that contains a bash script.

This example demonstrates how you might use a pre-clone step to seed the build directory.

config.toml

The full contents of our config.toml are:

noteSettings that are not public are shown as X.

Google Cloud Platform

concurrent = X
check_interval = 1
metrics_server = "X"
sentry_dsn = "X"

[[runners]]
  name = "docker-auto-scale"
  request_concurrency = X
  url = "https://gitlab.com/"
  token = "SHARED_RUNNER_TOKEN"
  pre_clone_script = "eval \"$CI_PRE_CLONE_SCRIPT\""
  executor = "docker+machine"
  environment = [
    "DOCKER_DRIVER=overlay2",
    "DOCKER_TLS_CERTDIR="
  ]
  limit = X
  [runners.docker]
    image = "ruby:2.5"
    privileged = true
    volumes = [
      "/certs/client",
      "/dummy-sys-class-dmi-id:/sys/class/dmi/id:ro" # Make kaniko builds work on GCP.
    ]
  [runners.machine]
    IdleCount = 50
    IdleTime = 3600
    MaxBuilds = 1 # For security reasons we delete the VM after job has finished so it's not reused.
    MachineName = "srm-%s"
    MachineDriver = "google"
    MachineOptions = [
      "google-project=PROJECT",
      "google-disk-size=25",
      "google-machine-type=n1-standard-1",
      "google-username=core",
      "google-tags=gitlab-com,srm",
      "google-use-internal-ip",
      "google-zone=us-east1-d",
      "engine-opt=mtu=1460", # Set MTU for container interface, for more information check https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab-runner/-/issues/3214#note_82892928
      "google-machine-image=PROJECT/global/images/IMAGE",
      "engine-opt=ipv6", # This will create IPv6 interfaces in the containers.
      "engine-opt=fixed-cidr-v6=fc00::/7",
      "google-operation-backoff-initial-interval=2" # Custom flag from forked docker-machine, for more information check https://github.com/docker/machine/pull/4600
    ]
    [[runners.machine.autoscaling]]
      Periods = ["* * * * * sat,sun *"]
      Timezone = "UTC"
      IdleCount = 70
      IdleTime = 3600
    [[runners.machine.autoscaling]]
      Periods = ["* 30-59 3 * * * *", "* 0-30 4 * * * *"]
      Timezone = "UTC"
      IdleCount = 700
      IdleTime = 3600
  [runners.cache]
    Type = "gcs"
    Shared = true
    [runners.cache.gcs]
      CredentialsFile = "/path/to/file"
      BucketName = "bucket-name"

Windows shared runners (beta)

The Windows shared runners are in beta and shouldn’t be used for production workloads.

During this beta period, the shared runner pipeline quota applies for groups and projects in the same manner as Linux runners. This may change when the beta period ends, as discussed in this related issue.

Windows shared runners on GitLab.com autoscale by launching virtual machines on the Google Cloud Platform. This solution uses an autoscaling driver developed by GitLab for the custom executor. Windows shared runners execute your CI/CD jobs on n1-standard-2 instances with 2 vCPUs and 7.5 GB RAM. You can find a full list of available Windows packages in the package documentation.

We want to keep iterating to get Windows shared runners in a stable state and generally available. You can follow our work towards this goal in the related epic.

Configuration

The full contents of our config.toml are:

noteSettings that aren’t public are shown as X.
concurrent = X
check_interval = 3

[[runners]]
  name = "windows-runner"
  url = "https://gitlab.com/"
  token = "TOKEN"
  executor = "custom"
  builds_dir = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\builds"
  cache_dir = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\cache"
  shell  = "powershell"
  [runners.custom]
    config_exec = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\autoscaler.exe"
    config_args = ["--config", "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\config.toml", "custom", "config"]
    prepare_exec = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\autoscaler.exe"
    prepare_args = ["--config", "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\config.toml", "custom", "prepare"]
    run_exec = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\autoscaler.exe"
    run_args = ["--config", "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\config.toml", "custom", "run"]
    cleanup_exec = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\autoscaler.exe"
    cleanup_args = ["--config", "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\config.toml", "custom", "cleanup"]

The full contents of our autoscaler/config.toml are:

Provider = "gcp"
Executor = "winrm"
OS = "windows"
LogLevel = "info"
LogFormat = "text"
LogFile = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\autoscaler.log"
VMTag = "windows"

[GCP]
  ServiceAccountFile = "PATH"
  Project = "some-project-df9323"
  Zone = "us-east1-c"
  MachineType = "n1-standard-2"
  Image = "IMAGE"
  DiskSize = 50
  DiskType = "pd-standard"
  Subnetwork = "default"
  Network = "default"
  Tags = ["TAGS"]
  Username = "gitlab_runner"

[WinRM]
  MaximumTimeout = 3600
  ExecutionMaxRetries = 0

[ProviderCache]
  Enabled = true
  Directory = "C:\\GitLab-Runner\\autoscaler\\machines"

Example

Below is a simple .gitlab-ci.yml file to show how to start using the Windows shared runners:

.shared_windows_runners:
  tags:
    - shared-windows
    - windows
    - windows-1809

stages:
  - build
  - test

before_script:
 - Set-Variable -Name "time" -Value (date -Format "%H:%m")
 - echo ${time}
 - echo "started by ${GITLAB_USER_NAME}"

build:
  extends:
    - .shared_windows_runners
  stage: build
  script:
    - echo "running scripts in the build job"

test:
  extends:
    - .shared_windows_runners
  stage: test
  script:
    - echo "running scripts in the test job"

Limitations and known issues

  • All the limitations mentioned in our beta definition.
  • The average provisioning time for a new Windows VM is 5 minutes. This means that you may notice slower build start times on the Windows shared runner fleet during the beta. In a future release we intend to update the autoscaler to enable the pre-provisioning of virtual machines. This is intended to significantly reduce the time it takes to provision a VM on the Windows fleet. You can follow along in the related issue.
  • The Windows shared runner fleet may be unavailable occasionally for maintenance or updates.
  • The Windows shared runner virtual machine instances do not use the GitLab Docker executor. This means that you can’t specify image or services in your pipeline configuration.
  • For the beta release, we have included a set of software packages in the base VM image. If your CI job requires additional software that’s not included in this list, then you must add installation commands to before_script or script to install the required software. Note that each job runs on a new VM instance, so the installation of additional software packages needs to be repeated for each job in your pipeline.
  • The job may stay in a pending state for longer than the Linux shared runners.
  • There is the possibility that we introduce breaking changes which will require updates to pipelines that are using the Windows shared runner fleet.

Sidekiq

GitLab.com runs Sidekiq with arguments --timeout=4 --concurrency=4 and the following environment variables:

Setting GitLab.com Default
SIDEKIQ_DAEMON_MEMORY_KILLER - 1
SIDEKIQ_MEMORY_KILLER_MAX_RSS 2000000 2000000
SIDEKIQ_MEMORY_KILLER_HARD_LIMIT_RSS - -
SIDEKIQ_MEMORY_KILLER_CHECK_INTERVAL - 3
SIDEKIQ_MEMORY_KILLER_GRACE_TIME - 900
SIDEKIQ_MEMORY_KILLER_SHUTDOWN_WAIT - 30
SIDEKIQ_LOG_ARGUMENTS 1 1
noteThe SIDEKIQ_MEMORY_KILLER_MAX_RSS setting is 16000000 on Sidekiq import nodes and Sidekiq export nodes.

PostgreSQL

GitLab.com being a fairly large installation of GitLab means we have changed various PostgreSQL settings to better suit our needs. For example, we use streaming replication and servers in hot-standby mode to balance queries across different database servers.

The list of GitLab.com specific settings (and their defaults) is as follows:

Setting GitLab.com Default
archive_command /usr/bin/envdir /etc/wal-e.d/env /opt/wal-e/bin/wal-e wal-push %p empty
archive_mode on off
autovacuum_analyze_scale_factor 0.01 0.01
autovacuum_max_workers 6 3
autovacuum_vacuum_cost_limit 1000 -1
autovacuum_vacuum_scale_factor 0.01 0.02
checkpoint_completion_target 0.7 0.9
checkpoint_segments 32 10
effective_cache_size 338688MB Based on how much memory is available
hot_standby on off
hot_standby_feedback on off
log_autovacuum_min_duration 0 -1
log_checkpoints on off
log_line_prefix %t [%p]: [%l-1] empty
log_min_duration_statement 1000 -1
log_temp_files 0 -1
maintenance_work_mem 2048MB 16 MB
max_replication_slots 5 0
max_wal_senders 32 0
max_wal_size 5GB 1GB
shared_buffers 112896MB Based on how much memory is available
shared_preload_libraries pg_stat_statements empty
shmall 30146560 Based on the server’s capabilities
shmmax 123480309760 Based on the server’s capabilities
wal_buffers 16MB -1
wal_keep_segments 512 10
wal_level replica minimal
statement_timeout 15s 60s
idle_in_transaction_session_timeout 60s 60s

Some of these settings are in the process being adjusted. For example, the value for shared_buffers is quite high and as such we are looking into adjusting it. More information on this particular change can be found at https://gitlab.com/gitlab-com/infrastructure/-/issues/1555. An up to date list of proposed changes can be found at https://gitlab.com/gitlab-com/infrastructure/-/issues?scope=all&utf8=%E2%9C%93&state=opened&label_name[]=database&label_name[]=change.

Puma

GitLab.com uses the default of 60 seconds for Puma request timeouts.

Unicorn

GitLab.com adjusts the memory limits for the unicorn-worker-killer gem.

Base default:

  • memory_limit_min = 750MiB
  • memory_limit_max = 1024MiB

Web front-ends:

  • memory_limit_min = 1024MiB
  • memory_limit_max = 1280MiB

GitLab.com-specific rate limits

noteSee Rate limits for administrator documentation.

When a request is rate limited, GitLab responds with a 429 status code. The client should wait before attempting the request again. There are also informational headers with this response detailed in rate limiting responses.

The following table describes the rate limits for GitLab.com, both before and after the limits change in January, 2021:

Rate limit Before 2021-01-18 From 2021-01-18 From 2021-02-12
Protected paths (for a given IP address) 10 requests per minute 10 requests per minute 10 requests per minute
Raw endpoint traffic (for a given project, commit, and file path) 300 requests per minute 300 requests per minute 300 requests per minute
Unauthenticated traffic (from a given IP address) No specific limit 500 requests per minute 500 requests per minute
Authenticated API traffic (for a given user) No specific limit 2,000 requests per minute 2,000 requests per minute
Authenticated non-API HTTP traffic (for a given user) No specific limit 1,000 requests per minute 1,000 requests per minute
All traffic (from a given IP address) 600 requests per minute 2,000 requests per minute 2,000 requests per minute
Issue creation   300 requests per minute 300 requests per minute
Note creation (on issues and merge requests)   300 requests per minute 60 requests per minute

More details are available on the rate limits for protected paths and raw endpoints.

Rate limiting responses

For information on rate limiting responses, see:

Protected paths throttle

GitLab.com responds with HTTP status code 429 to POST requests at protected paths that exceed 10 requests per minute per IP address.

See the source below for which paths are protected. This includes user creation, user confirmation, user sign in, and password reset.

User and IP rate limits includes a list of the headers responded to blocked requests.

See Protected Paths for more details.

IP blocks

IP blocks can occur when GitLab.com receives unusual traffic from a single IP address that the system views as potentially malicious, based on rate limit settings. After the unusual traffic ceases, the IP address is automatically released depending on the type of block, as described in a following section.

If you receive a 403 Forbidden error for all requests to GitLab.com, check for any automated processes that may be triggering a block. For assistance, contact GitLab Support with details, such as the affected IP address.

Git and container registry failed authentication ban

GitLab.com responds with HTTP status code 403 for 1 hour, if 30 failed authentication requests were received in a 3-minute period from a single IP address.

This applies only to Git requests and container registry (/jwt/auth) requests (combined).

This limit:

  • Is reset by requests that authenticate successfully. For example, 29 failed authentication requests followed by 1 successful request, followed by 29 more failed authentication requests would not trigger a ban.
  • Does not apply to JWT requests authenticated by gitlab-ci-token.

No response headers are provided.

Pagination response headers

For performance reasons, if a query returns more than 10,000 records, GitLab doesn’t return the following headers:

  • x-total.
  • x-total-pages.
  • rel="last" link.

Visibility settings

On GitLab.com, projects, groups, and snippets created As of GitLab 12.2 (July 2019), projects, groups, and snippets have the Internal visibility setting disabled on GitLab.com.

SSH maximum number of connections

GitLab.com defines the maximum number of concurrent, unauthenticated SSH connections by using the MaxStartups setting. If more than the maximum number of allowed connections occur concurrently, they are dropped and users get an ssh_exchange_identification error.

Import/export

To help avoid abuse, project and group imports, exports, and export downloads are rate limited. See Project import/export rate limits and Group import/export rate limits for details.

Non-configurable limits

See non-configurable limits for information on rate limits that are not configurable, and therefore also used on GitLab.com.

GitLab.com Logging

We use Fluentd to parse our logs. Fluentd sends our logs to Stackdriver Logging and Cloud Pub/Sub. Stackdriver is used for storing logs long-term in Google Cold Storage (GCS). Cloud Pub/Sub is used to forward logs to an Elastic cluster using pubsubbeat.

You can view more information in our runbooks such as:

Job Logs

By default, GitLab does not expire job logs. Job logs are retained indefinitely, and can’t be configured on GitLab.com to expire. You can erase job logs manually with the Jobs API or by deleting a pipeline.

GitLab.com at scale

In addition to the GitLab Enterprise Edition Omnibus install, GitLab.com uses the following applications and settings to achieve scale. All settings are publicly available at chef cookbooks.

Elastic Cluster

We use Elasticsearch and Kibana for part of our monitoring solution:

Fluentd

We use Fluentd to unify our GitLab logs:

Prometheus

Prometheus complete our monitoring stack:

Grafana

For the visualization of monitoring data:

Sentry

Open source error tracking:

Consul

Service discovery:

HAProxy

High Performance TCP/HTTP Load Balancer: