- Push options for GitLab CI/CD
- Push options for merge requests
- Useful Git aliases
Introduced in GitLab 11.7.
Currently, there are push options available for:
For Git versions 2.10 to 2.17 use
git push --push-option=<push_option>
For version 2.18 and later, you can use the above format, or the shorter
git push -o <push_option>
You can use push options to skip a CI/CD pipeline, or pass environment variables.
|Do not create a CI pipeline for the latest push.|
|Provide environment variables to be used in a CI pipeline, if one is created due to the push.|
An example of using
git push -o ci.skip
An example of passing some environment variables for a pipeline:
git push -o ci.variable="MAX_RETRIES=10" -o ci.variable="MAX_TIME=600"
You can use Git push options to perform certain actions for merge requests at the same time as pushing changes:
|Push option||Description||Introduced in version|
|Create a new merge request for the pushed branch.||11.10|
|Set the target of the merge request to a particular branch.||11.10|
|Set the merge request to merge when its pipeline succeeds.||11.10|
|Set the merge request to remove the source branch when it’s merged.||12.2|
|Set the title of the merge request. Ex: ||12.2|
|Set the description of the merge request. Ex: ||12.2|
|Add labels to the merge request. If the label does not exist, it will be created. For example, for two labels: ||12.3|
|Remove labels from the merge request. For example, for two labels: ||12.3|
If you use a push option that requires text with spaces in it, you need to enclose it
in quotes (
"). You can omit the quotes if there are no spaces. Some examples:
git push -o merge_request.label="Label with spaces" git push -o merge_request.label=Label-with-no-spaces
You can combine push options to accomplish multiple tasks at once, by using
--push-option) flags. For example, if you want to create a new
merge request, and target a branch named
git push -o merge_request.create -o merge_request.target=my-target-branch
Additionally if you want the merge request to merge as soon as the pipeline succeeds you can do:
git push -o merge_request.create -o merge_request.target=my-target-branch -o merge_request.merge_when_pipeline_succeeds
As shown above, Git push options can cause Git commands to grow very long. If you use the same push options frequently, it’s useful to create Git aliases. Git aliases are command line shortcuts for Git which can significantly simplify the use of long Git commands.
To set up a Git alias for the merge when pipeline succeeds Git push option:
git config --global alias.mwps "push -o merge_request.create -o merge_request.target=master -o merge_request.merge_when_pipeline_succeeds"
Then to quickly push a local branch that will target master and merge when the pipeline succeeds:
git mwps origin <local-branch-name>