Praefect: High Availability

Note: Praefect is an experimental service, and data loss is likely.

Praefect is an optional reverse-proxy for Gitaly to manage a cluster of Gitaly nodes for high availability. Initially, high availability be implemented through asynchronous replication. If a Gitaly node becomes unavailable, it will be possible to fail over to a warm Gitaly replica.

The first minimal version will support:

  • Eventual consistency of the secondary replicas.
  • Automatic fail over from the primary to the secondary.
  • Reporting of possible data loss if replication queue is non empty.

Follow the HA Gitaly epic for updates and roadmap.

Requirements for configuring Gitaly for High Availability

Note: this reference architecture is not highly available because Praefect is a single point of failure.

The minimal alpha reference architecture additionally requires:

  • 1 Praefect node
  • 1 PostgreSQL server (PostgreSQL 9.6 or newer)
  • 3 Gitaly nodes (1 primary, 2 secondary)

Alpha architecture diagram

See the design document for implementation details.

Setup Instructions

If you installed GitLab using the Omnibus package (highly recommended), follow the steps below:

  1. Preparation
  2. Configuring the Praefect database
  3. Configuring the Praefect proxy/router
  4. Configuring each Gitaly node (once for each Gitaly node)
  5. Updating the GitLab server configuration
  6. Configure Grafana

Preparation

Before beginning, you should already have a working GitLab instance. Learn how to install GitLab.

Provision a PostgreSQL server (PostgreSQL 9.6 or newer). Configuration through the GitLab Omnibus distribution is not yet supported. Follow this issue for updates.

Prepare all your new nodes by installing GitLab.

  • 1 Praefect node (minimal storage required)
  • 3 Gitaly nodes (high CPU, high memory, fast storage)
  • 1 GitLab server

You will need the IP/host address for each node.

  1. POSTGRESQL_SERVER_ADDRESS: the IP/host address of the PostgreSQL server
  2. PRAEFECT_HOST: the IP/host address of the Praefect server
  3. GITALY_HOST: the IP/host address of each Gitaly server
  4. GITLAB_HOST: the IP/host address of the GitLab server

If you are using a cloud provider, you can look up the addresses for each server through your cloud provider’s management console.

If you are using Google Cloud Platform, SoftLayer, or any other vendor that provides a virtual private cloud (VPC) you can use the private addresses for each cloud instance (corresponds to “internal address” for Google Cloud Platform) for PRAEFECT_HOST, GITALY_HOST, and GITLAB_HOST.

Secrets

The communication between components is secured with different secrets, which are described below. Before you begin, generate a unique secret for each, and make note of it. This will make it easy to replace these placeholder tokens with secure tokens as you complete the setup process.

  1. GITLAB_SHELL_SECRET_TOKEN: this is used by Git hooks to make callback HTTP API requests to GitLab when accepting a Git push. This secret is shared with GitLab Shell for legacy reasons.
  2. PRAEFECT_EXTERNAL_TOKEN: repositories hosted on your Praefect cluster can only be accessed by Gitaly clients that carry this token.
  3. PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN: this token is used for replication traffic inside your Praefect cluster. This is distinct from PRAEFECT_EXTERNAL_TOKEN because Gitaly clients must not be able to access internal nodes of the Praefect cluster directly; that could lead to data loss.
  4. PRAEFECT_SQL_PASSWORD: this password is used by Praefect to connect to PostgreSQL.
  5. GRAFANA_PASSWORD: this password is used to access the admin account in the Grafana dashboards.

We will note in the instructions below where these secrets are required.

PostgreSQL

Note: don’t reuse the GitLab application database for the Praefect database.

To complete this section you will need:

  • 1 Praefect node
  • 1 PostgreSQL server (PostgreSQL 9.6 or newer)
    • An SQL user with permissions to create databases

During this section, we will configure the PostgreSQL server, from the Praefect node, using psql which is installed by GitLab Omnibus.

  1. SSH into the Praefect node and login as root:

    sudo -i
    
  2. Connect to the PostgreSQL server with administrative access. This is likely the postgres user. The database template1 is used because it is created by default on all PostgreSQL servers.

    /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/psql -U postgres -d template1 -h POSTGRESQL_SERVER_ADDRESS
    

    Create a new user praefect which will be used by Praefect. Replace PRAEFECT_SQL_PASSWORD with the strong password you generated in the preparation step.

    CREATE ROLE praefect WITH LOGIN CREATEDB PASSWORD 'PRAEFECT_SQL_PASSWORD';
    
  3. Reconnect to the PostgreSQL server, this time as the praefect user:

    /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/psql -U praefect -d template1 -h POSTGRESQL_SERVER_ADDRESS
    

    Create a new database praefect_production. By creating the database while connected as the praefect user, we are confident they have access.

    CREATE DATABASE praefect_production WITH ENCODING=UTF8;
    

The database used by Praefect is now configured.

Praefect

To complete this section you will need:

Praefect should be run on a dedicated node. Do not run Praefect on the application server, or a Gitaly node.

  1. SSH into the Praefect node and login as root:

    sudo -i
    
  2. Disable all other services by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    # Disable all other services on the Praefect node
    postgresql['enable'] = false
    redis['enable'] = false
    nginx['enable'] = false
    prometheus['enable'] = false
    grafana['enable'] = false
    unicorn['enable'] = false
    sidekiq['enable'] = false
    gitlab_workhorse['enable'] = false
    gitaly['enable'] = false
    
    # Enable only the Praefect service
    praefect['enable'] = true
    
    # Prevent database connections during 'gitlab-ctl reconfigure'
    gitlab_rails['rake_cache_clear'] = false
    gitlab_rails['auto_migrate'] = false
    
  3. Configure Praefect to listen on network interfaces by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    You will need to replace:

    • PRAEFECT_HOST with the IP address or hostname of the Praefect node
    praefect['listen_addr'] = 'PRAEFECT_HOST:2305'
    
    # Enable Prometheus metrics access to Praefect. You must use firewalls
    # to restrict access to this address/port.
    praefect['prometheus_listen_addr'] = 'PRAEFECT_HOST:9652'
    
  4. Configure a strong auth_token for Praefect by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb. This will be needed by clients outside the cluster (like GitLab Shell) to communicate with the Praefect cluster :

    praefect['auth_token'] = 'PRAEFECT_EXTERNAL_TOKEN'
    
  5. Configure Praefect to connect to the PostgreSQL database by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb.

    You will need to replace POSTGRESQL_SERVER_ADDRESS with the IP/host address of the database, and PRAEFECT_SQL_PASSWORD with the strong password set above.

    praefect['database_host'] = 'POSTGRESQL_SERVER_ADDRESS'
    praefect['database_port'] = 5432
    praefect['database_user'] = 'praefect'
    praefect['database_password'] = 'PRAEFECT_SQL_PASSWORD'
    praefect['database_dbname'] = 'praefect_production'
    

    If you want to use a TLS client certificate, the options below can be used:

    # Connect to PostreSQL using a TLS client certificate
    # praefect['database_sslcert'] = '/path/to/client-cert'
    # praefect['database_sslkey'] = '/path/to/client-key'
    
    # Trust a custom certificate authority
    # praefect['database_sslrootcert'] = '/path/to/rootcert'
    

    By default Praefect will refuse to make an unencrypted connection to PostgreSQL. You can override this by uncommenting the following line:

    # praefect['database_sslmode'] = 'disable'
    
  6. Configure the Praefect cluster to connect to each Gitaly node in the cluster by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb.

    In the example below we have configured one cluster named praefect. This cluster has three Gitaly nodes gitaly-1, gitaly-2, and gitaly-3, which will be replicas of each other.

    Replace PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN with a strong secret, which will be used by Praefect when communicating with Gitaly nodes in the cluster. This token is distinct from the PRAEFECT_EXTERNAL_TOKEN.

    Replace GITALY_HOST with the IP/host address of the each Gitaly node.

    More Gitaly nodes can be added to the cluster to increase the number of replicas. More clusters can also be added for very large GitLab instances.

    Note: The gitaly-1 node is currently denoted the primary. This can be used to manually fail from one node to another. This will be removed in the future to allow for automatic failover.
    # Name of storage hash must match storage name in git_data_dirs on GitLab
    # server ('praefect') and in git_data_dirs on Gitaly nodes ('gitaly-1')
    praefect['virtual_storages'] = {
      'praefect' => {
        'gitaly-1' => {
          'address' => 'tcp://GITALY_HOST:8075',
          'token'   => 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN',
          'primary' => true
        },
        'gitaly-2' => {
          'address' => 'tcp://GITALY_HOST:8075',
          'token'   => 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN'
        },
        'gitaly-3' => {
          'address' => 'tcp://GITALY_HOST:8075',
          'token'   => 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN'
        }
      }
    }
    
  7. Save the changes to /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and reconfigure Praefect:

    gitlab-ctl reconfigure
    
  8. Verify that Praefect can reach PostgreSQL:

    sudo -u git /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/praefect -config /var/opt/gitlab/praefect/config.toml sql-ping
    

    If the check fails, make sure you have followed the steps correctly. If you edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb, remember to run sudo gitlab-ctl reconfigure again before trying the sql-ping command.

Automatic failover

When automatic failover is enabled, Praefect will do automatic detection of the health of internal Gitaly nodes. If the primary has a certain amount of health checks fail, it will decide to promote one of the secondaries to be primary, and demote the primary to be a secondary.

  1. To enable automatic failover, edit /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    # failover_enabled turns on automatic failover
    praefect['failover_enabled'] = true
    praefect['virtual_storages'] = {
      'praefect' => {
        'gitaly-1' => {
          'address' => 'tcp://GITALY_HOST:8075',
          'token'   => 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN',
          'primary' => true
        },
        'gitaly-2' => {
          'address' => 'tcp://GITALY_HOST:8075',
          'token'   => 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN'
        },
        'gitaly-3' => {
          'address' => 'tcp://GITALY_HOST:8075',
          'token'   => 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN'
        }
      }
    }
    
  2. Save the file and reconfigure GitLab.

Below is the picture when Praefect starts up with the config.toml above:

graph TD A[Praefect] -->|Mutator RPC| B(internal_storage_0) B --> |Replication|C[internal_storage_1]

Let’s say suddenly internal_storage_0 goes down. Praefect will detect this and automatically switch over to internal_storage_1, and internal_storage_0 will serve as a secondary:

graph TD A[Praefect] -->|Mutator RPC| B(internal_storage_1) B --> |Replication|C[internal_storage_0]
Note:: Currently this feature is supported for setups that only have 1 Praefect instance. Praefect instances running, for example behind a load balancer, failover_enabled should be disabled. The reason is The reason is because there is no coordination that currently happens across different Praefect instances, so there could be a situation where two Praefect instances think two different Gitaly nodes are the primary.

Gitaly

Note: Complete these steps for each Gitaly node.

To complete this section you will need:

  • Configured Praefect node
  • 3 (or more) servers, with GitLab installed, to be configured as Gitaly nodes. These should be dedicated nodes, do not run other services on these nodes.

Every Gitaly server assigned to the Praefect cluster needs to be configured. The configuration is the same as a normal standalone Gitaly server, except:

  • the storage names are exposed to Praefect, not GitLab
  • the secret token is shared with Praefect, not GitLab

The configuration of all Gitaly nodes in the Praefect cluster can be identical, because we rely on Praefect to route operations correctly.

Particular attention should be shown to:

  • the gitaly['auth_token'] configured in this section must match the token value under praefect['virtual_storages'] on the Praefect node. This was set in the previous section. This document uses the placeholder PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN throughout.
  • the storage names in git_data_dirs configured in this section must match the storage names under praefect['virtual_storages'] on the Praefect node. This was set in the previous section. This document uses gitaly-1, gitaly-2, and gitaly-3 as Gitaly storage names.

For more information on Gitaly server configuration, see our Gitaly documentation.

  1. SSH into the Gitaly node and login as root:

    sudo -i
    
  2. Disable all other services by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    # Disable all other services on the Praefect node
    postgresql['enable'] = false
    redis['enable'] = false
    nginx['enable'] = false
    prometheus['enable'] = false
    grafana['enable'] = false
    unicorn['enable'] = false
    sidekiq['enable'] = false
    gitlab_workhorse['enable'] = false
    prometheus_monitoring['enable'] = false
    
    # Enable only the Praefect service
    gitaly['enable'] = true
    
    # Prevent database connections during 'gitlab-ctl reconfigure'
    gitlab_rails['rake_cache_clear'] = false
    gitlab_rails['auto_migrate'] = false
    
  3. Configure Gitaly to listen on network interfaces by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    You will need to replace:

    • GITALY_HOST with the IP address or hostname of the Gitaly node
    # Make Gitaly accept connections on all network interfaces.
    # Use firewalls to restrict access to this address/port.
    gitaly['listen_addr'] = 'GITALY_HOST:8075'
    
    # Enable Prometheus metrics access to Gitaly. You must use firewalls
    # to restrict access to this address/port.
    gitaly['prometheus_listen_addr'] = 'GITALY_HOST:9236'
    
  4. Configure a strong auth_token for Gitaly by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb. This will be needed by clients to communicate with this Gitaly nodes. Typically, this token will be the same for all Gitaly nodes.

    gitaly['auth_token'] = 'PRAEFECT_INTERNAL_TOKEN'
    
  5. Configure the GitLab Shell secret_token, and internal_api_url which are needed for git push operations.

    If you have already configured Gitaly on its own server

    gitlab_shell['secret_token'] = 'GITLAB_SHELL_SECRET_TOKEN'
    
    # Configure the gitlab-shell API callback URL. Without this, `git push` will
    # fail. This can be your front door GitLab URL or an internal load balancer.
    # Examples: 'https://example.gitlab.com', 'http://1.2.3.4'
    gitlab_rails['internal_api_url'] = 'http://GITLAB_HOST'
    
  6. Configure the storage location for Git data by setting git_data_dirs in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb. Each Gitaly node should have a unique storage name (eg gitaly-1).

    Instead of configuring git_data_dirs uniquely for each Gitaly node, it is often easier to have include the configuration for all Gitaly nodes on every Gitaly node. This is supported because the Praefect virtual_storages configuration maps each storage name (eg gitaly-1) to a specific node, and requests are routed accordingly. This means every Gitaly node in your fleet can share the same configuration.

    # You can include the data dirs for all nodes in the same config, because
    # Praefect will only route requests according to the addresses provided in the
    # prior step.
    git_data_dirs({
      "gitaly-1" => {
        "path" => "/var/opt/gitlab/git-data"
      },
      "gitaly-2" => {
        "path" => "/var/opt/gitlab/git-data"
      },
      "gitaly-3" => {
        "path" => "/var/opt/gitlab/git-data"
      }
    })
    
  7. Save the changes to /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and reconfigure Gitaly:

    gitlab-ctl reconfigure
    
  8. To ensure that Gitaly has updated its Prometheus listen address, restart Gitaly:

    gitlab-ctl restart gitaly
    

The steps above must be completed for each Gitaly node!

After all Gitaly nodes are configured, you can run the Praefect connection checker to verify Praefect can connect to all Gitaly servers in the Praefect config.

  1. SSH into the Praefect node and run the Praefect connection checker:

    sudo /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/praefect -config /var/opt/gitlab/praefect/config.toml dial-nodes
    
  2. Enable automatic failover by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    praefect['failover_enabled'] = true
    

    When automatic failover is enabled, Praefect checks the health of internal Gitaly nodes. If the primary has a certain amount of health checks fail, it will promote one of the secondaries to be primary, and demote the primary to be a secondary.

    Manual failover is possible by updating praefect['virtual_storages'] and nominating a new primary node.

  3. By default, Praefect will nominate a primary Gitaly node for each shard and store the state of the primary in local memory. This state does not persist across restarts and will cause a split brain if multiple Praefect nodes are used for redundancy.

    To avoid this limitation, enable the SQL election strategy:

     praefect['failover_election_strategy'] = 'sql'
    
  4. Save the changes to /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and reconfigure Praefect:

    gitlab-ctl reconfigure
    

GitLab

To complete this section you will need:

The Praefect cluster needs to be exposed as a storage location to the GitLab application. This is done by updating the git_data_dirs.

Particular attention should be shown to:

  • the storage name added to git_data_dirs in this section must match the storage name under praefect['virtual_storages'] on the Praefect node. This was set in the Praefect section of this guide. This document uses praefect as the Praefect storage name.
  1. SSH into the GitLab node and login as root:

    sudo -i
    
  2. Add the Praefect cluster as a storage location by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb.

    You will need to replace:

    • PRAEFECT_HOST with the IP address or hostname of the Praefect node
    • GITLAB_HOST with the IP address or hostname of the GitLab server
    • PRAEFECT_EXTERNAL_TOKEN with the real secret
    git_data_dirs({
      "default" => {
        "gitaly_address" => "tcp://GITLAB_HOST:8075"
      },
      "praefect" => {
        "gitaly_address" => "tcp://PRAEFECT_HOST:2305",
        "gitaly_token" => 'PRAEFECT_EXTERNAL_TOKEN'
      }
    })
    
  3. Allow Gitaly to listen on a tcp port by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb

    gitaly['listen_addr'] = 'GITLAB_HOST:8075'
    
  4. Configure the gitlab_shell['secret_token'] so that callbacks from Gitaly nodes during a git push are properly authenticated by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    You will need to replace GITLAB_SHELL_SECRET_TOKEN with the real secret.

    gitlab_shell['secret_token'] = 'GITLAB_SHELL_SECRET_TOKEN'
    
  5. Configure the external_url so that files could be served by GitLab by proper endpoint access by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb:

    You will need to replace GITLAB_SERVER_URL with the real external facing URL on which current GitLab instance is serving:

    external_url 'GITLAB_SERVER_URL'
    
  6. Add Prometheus monitoring settings by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb.

    You will need to replace:

    • PRAEFECT_HOST with the IP address or hostname of the Praefect node
    • GITALY_HOST with the IP address or hostname of each Gitaly node
    prometheus['scrape_configs'] = [
      {
        'job_name' => 'praefect',
        'static_configs' => [
          'targets' => [
            'PRAEFECT_HOST:9652' # praefect
          ]
        ]
      },
      {
        'job_name' => 'praefect-gitaly',
        'static_configs' => [
          'targets' => [
            'GITALY_HOST:9236', # gitaly-1
            'GITALY_HOST:9236', # gitaly-2
            'GITALY_HOST:9236', # gitaly-3
          ]
        ]
      }
    ]
    
  7. Save the changes to /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and reconfigure GitLab:

    gitlab-ctl reconfigure
    
  8. Verify each gitlab-shell on each Gitaly instance can reach GitLab. On each Gitaly instance run:

    /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/bin/check -config /opt/gitlab/embedded/service/gitlab-shell/config.yml
    
  9. Verify that GitLab can reach Praefect:

    gitlab-rake gitlab:gitaly:check
    
  10. Update the Repository storage settings from Admin Area > Settings > Repository > Repository storage to make the newly configured Praefect cluster the storage location for new Git repositories.

    • Deselect the default storage location
    • Select the praefect storage location

    Update repository storage

  11. Verify everything is still working by creating a new project. Check the “Initialize repository with a README” box so that there is content in the repository that viewed. If the project is created, and you can see the README file, it works!

Grafana

Grafana is included with GitLab, and can be used to monitor your Praefect cluster. See Grafana Dashboard Service for detailed documentation.

To get started quickly:

  1. SSH into the GitLab node and login as root:

    sudo -i
    
  2. Enable the Grafana login form by editing /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb.

    grafana['disable_login_form'] = false
    
  3. Save the changes to /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb and reconfigure GitLab:

    gitlab-ctl reconfigure
    
  4. Set the Grafana admin password. This command will prompt you to enter a new password:

    gitlab-ctl set-grafana-password
    
  5. In your web browser, open /-/grafana (e.g. https://gitlab.example.com/-/grafana) on your GitLab server.

    Login using the password you set, and the username admin.

  6. Go to Explore and query gitlab_build_info to verify that you are getting metrics from all your machines.

Congratulations! You’ve configured an observable highly available Praefect cluster.

Automatic failover and leader election

Praefect regularly checks the health of each backend Gitaly node. This information can be used to automatically failover to a new primary node if the current primary node is found to be unhealthy.

  • Manual: Automatic failover is disabled. The primary node can be reconfigured in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb on the Praefect node. Modify the praefect['virtual_storages'] field by moving the primary = true to promote a different Gitaly node to primary. In the steps above, gitaly-1 was set to the primary.
  • Memory: Enabled by setting praefect['failover_enabled'] = true in /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb on the Praefect node. If a sufficient number of health checks fail for the current primary backend Gitaly node, and new primary will be elected. Do not use with multiple Praefect nodes! Using with multiple Praefect nodes is likely to result in a split brain.
  • PostgreSQL: Enabled by setting praefect['failover_election_strategy'] = sql. This configuration option will allow multiple Praefect nodes to coordinate via the PostgreSQL database to elect a primary Gitaly node. This configuration will cause Praefect nodes to elect a new primary, monitor its health, and elect a new primary if the current one has not been reachable in 10 seconds by a majority of the Praefect nodes.
Note:: Praefect does not yet account for replication lag on the secondaries during the election process, so data loss can occur during a failover. Follow issue #2642 for updates.

It is likely that we will implement support for Consul, and a cloud native strategy in the future.

Identifying Impact of a Primary Node Failure

When a primary Gitaly node fails, there is a chance of dataloss. Dataloss can occur if there were outstanding replication jobs the secondaries did not manage to process before the failure. The Praefect dataloss subcommand helps identify these cases by counting the number of dead replication jobs for each repository within a given timeframe.

sudo /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/praefect -config /var/opt/gitlab/praefect/config.toml dataloss -from <rfc3339-time> -to <rfc3339-time>

If the timeframe is not specified, dead replication jobs from the last six hours are counted:

sudo /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/praefect -config /var/opt/gitlab/praefect/config.toml dataloss

Failed replication jobs between [2020-01-02 00:00:00 +0000 UTC, 2020-01-02 06:00:00 +0000 UTC):
example/repository-1: 1 jobs
example/repository-2: 4 jobs
example/repository-3: 2 jobs

To specify a timeframe in UTC, run:

sudo /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/praefect -config /var/opt/gitlab/praefect/config.toml dataloss -from 2020-01-02T00:00:00+00:00 -to 2020-01-02T00:02:00+00:00

Backend Node Recovery

When a Praefect backend node fails and is no longer able to replicate changes, the backend node will start to drift from the primary. If that node eventually recovers, it will need to be reconciled with the current primary. The primary node is considered the single source of truth for the state of a shard. The Praefect reconcile subcommand allows for the manual reconciliation between a backend node and the current primary.

Run the following command on the Praefect server after all placeholders (<virtual-storage> and <target-storage>) have been replaced:

sudo /opt/gitlab/embedded/bin/praefect -config /var/opt/gitlab/praefect/config.toml reconcile -virtual <virtual-storage> -target <target-storage>
  • Replace the placeholder <virtual-storage> with the virtual storage containing the backend node storage to be checked.
  • Replace the placeholder <target-storage> with the backend storage name.

The command will return a list of repositories that were found to be inconsistent against the current primary. Each of these inconsistencies will also be logged with an accompanying replication job ID.

Migrating existing repositories to Praefect

If your GitLab instance already has repositories, these won’t be migrated automatically.

Repositories may be moved from one storage location using the Repository API:

curl --request PUT --header "PRIVATE-TOKEN: <your_access_token>" --data "repository_storage=praefect" https://example.gitlab.com/api/v4/projects/123

Debugging Praefect

If you receive an error, check /var/log/gitlab/gitlab-rails/production.log.

Here are common errors and potential causes:

  • 500 response code
    • ActionView::Template::Error (7:permission denied)
      • praefect['auth_token'] and gitlab_rails['gitaly_token'] do not match on the GitLab server.
    • Unable to save project. Error: 7:permission denied
      • Secret token in praefect['storage_nodes'] on GitLab server does not match the value in gitaly['auth_token'] on one or more Gitaly servers.
  • 503 response code
    • GRPC::Unavailable (14:failed to connect to all addresses)
      • GitLab was unable to reach Praefect.
    • GRPC::Unavailable (14:all SubCons are in TransientFailure…)
      • Praefect cannot reach one or more of its child Gitaly nodes. Try running the Praefect connection checker to diagnose.