GitLab Documentation

Jenkins CI service

Note: In GitLab 8.3, Jenkins integration using the GitLab Hook Plugin was deprecated in favor of the GitLab Plugin. The deprecated integration has been renamed to Jenkins CI (Deprecated) in the project service settings. We may remove this in a future release and recommend using the new 'Jenkins CI' project service instead which is described in this document.

Overview

Jenkins is a great Continuous Integration tool, similar to our built-in GitLab CI.

GitLab's Jenkins integration allows you to trigger a Jenkins build when you push code to a repository, or when a merge request is created. Additionally, it shows the pipeline status on merge requests widgets and on the project's home page.

Use cases

Requirements

Configure GitLab users

Create a user or choose an existing user that Jenkins will use to interact through the GitLab API. This user will need to be a global Admin or added as a member to each Group/Project. Developer permission is required for reporting build status. This is because a successful build status can trigger a merge when 'Merge when pipeline succeeds' feature is used. Some features of the GitLab Plugin may require additional privileges. For example, there is an option to accept a merge request if the build is successful. Using this feature would require developer, master or owner-level permission.

Copy the private API token from Profile Settings -> Account. You will need this when configuring the Jenkins server later.

Configure the Jenkins server

Install Jenkins GitLab Plugin and Jenkins Git Plugin.

Go to Manage Jenkins -> Configure System and scroll down to the 'GitLab' section. Enter the GitLab server URL in the 'GitLab host URL' field and paste the API token copied earlier in the 'API Token' field.

Jenkins GitLab plugin configuration

Configure a Jenkins project

Follow the GitLab Plugin documentation under the Using it With a Job heading. You do not need to complete instructions under the 'GitLab Configuration (>= 8.0)'. Be sure to check the 'Use GitLab CI features' checkbox as described under the 'GitLab Configuration (>= 8.1)'.

Configure a GitLab project

Create a new GitLab project or choose an existing one. Then, go to Integrations -> Jenkins CI.

Check the 'Active' box. Select whether you want GitLab to trigger a build on push, Merge Request creation, tag push, or any combination of these. We recommend unchecking 'Merge Request events' unless you have a specific use-case that requires re-building a commit when a merge request is created. With 'Push events' selected, GitLab will build the latest commit on each push and the build status will be displayed in the merge request.

Enter the Jenkins URL and Project name. The project name should be URL-friendly where spaces are replaced with underscores. To be safe, copy the project name from the URL bar of your browser while viewing the Jenkins project.

Optionally, enter a username and password if your Jenkins server requires authentication.

GitLab service settings

Plugin functional overview

GitLab does not contain a database table listing commits. Commits are always read from the repository directly. Therefore, it is not possible to retain the build status of a commit in GitLab. This is overcome by requesting build information from the integrated CI tool. The CI tool is responsible for creating and storing build status for Commits and Merge Requests.

Steps required to implement a similar integration

Note: All steps are implemented using AJAX requests on the merge request page.

  1. In order to display the build status in a merge request you must create a project service in GitLab.
  2. Your project service will do a (JSON) query to a URL of the CI tool with the SHA1 of the commit.
  3. The project service builds this URL and payload based on project service settings and knowledge of the CI tool.
  4. The response is parsed to give a response in GitLab (success/failed/pending).